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Volume 18:  September 2015 Archive of CO2 Science Postings

Beijing Climate Center's Climate System Model BCC_CSM1.1(m) (30 September 2015)
How well does it perform in terms of its ability to forecast numerous important features of the Asian Summer Monsoon? Would you believe more than the combined numbers of your fingers and toes?...

Ocean Acidification Database (29 September 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Giant Kelp [Macrocystis pyrifera] (Fernández et al., 2014). To access the entire database, click here.

The Current Status of Modelling Arctic Summer Storm Tracks (28 September 2015)
In the words of the authors of the paper reviewed, they state that their analysis suggests that "further clarification of those processes that influence storm-track activity over the Arctic is necessary for more reliable future projections of the Arctic climate"...

Pope Francis: Making a Wrong Turn on the Subject of the Environment By Supporting Climate Change Legislation (25 September 2015)
Given statements made by Pope Francis today about climate change during his speech to the United Nations, we here present the links to material we have posted previously. These four documents present a reference-backed case that Pope Francis is making an unfortunate wrong turn on the subject of climate change by listening to people who have ulterior motives for wanting to eliminate the global usage of fossil fuels.

Giant Kelp Unaffected by Ocean Acidification (25 September 2015)
Another species of marine life shows indifference to changing oceanic pH values projected for the end of the 22nd century...

The Stability of Glaciers in the Astore Basin of Northwestern Himalaya (25 September 2015)
Four decades of data reveal they are not doing what typical global warming theory would suggest...

The Climate Change that May Suppress Tropical Cyclone Strength (24 September 2015)
Some scientists are actually predicting a reduction in the destructive potential of a major weather phenomenon that has its origin over Earth's oceans...

Plant Growth Database (24 September 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Butterfly Pea (Khan et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Assessments of Wind Extremes in CMIP5 Climate Model Hindcasts (24 September 2015)
How do state-of-the-art climate model projections compare with reality? The answer, dear friends, is blowin' in the wind ... and so we seek it there...

Pope Francis: Before one can know what is moral, he must know what is true. (23 September 2015)
As predicted in an article I wrote last week published in The Federalist, Pope Francis is making climate change a signature issue during his visit to the United States. This morning, in remarks presented at the White House, Pope Francis commenced his U.S. tour by proclaiming "climate change is a problem that can no longer be left to a future generation," thereafter complimenting the Obama Administration for the policy prescription it advocates in addressing the issue (i.e., reducing CO2 emissions)...

Mathematical Models vs. Real-World Data: Which Best Predicts Earth's Climatic Future? (23 September 2015)
How well are today's climate models able to predict what will happen to earth's climate in the years, decades and centuries to come if the atmosphere's carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration continues to rise as a result of mankind's continued burning of fossil fuels such as coal, gas and oil? In this document this question is broached via a thorough and careful scrutiny of the pertinent scientific literature that has addressed this topic as it pertains to several important climatic phenomena...

A 400-Year Temperature Record from the Russian Far East (22 September 2015)
This new proxy record from Sakhalin Island reveals "recent warmth is not unprecedented when considered in the context of the last several centuries"...

Ocean Acidification Database (22 September 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Red Rock Shrimp [Lysmata californica] (Taylor et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Uncorrected Climate Model Biases Over the Tropical Indian Ocean (21 September 2015)
A trio of researchers identify several problems with the latest CMIP5 generation of models...

The Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age in the Bay of Biscay (21 September 2015)
Both of these climatic phases of the earth are clearly evident in a new study which also demonstrates that the peak warmth of the solar-induced Medieval Warm Period was clearly warmer than the peak warmth of the Current Warm Period...

Declining Deaths Due to Hot and Cold Temperatures in Hong Kong (17 September 2015)
Global warming theory predicts increased mortality due to global warming, but observations among the more vulnerable elderly in Hong Kong reveal deaths due to both hot and cold temperatures have been on the decline over the past 35 years...

CMIP5 Hind-Casting of Precipitation in the Karakoram-Himalaya (17 September 2015)
How well do the most up-to-date state-of-the-art climate models perform in this regard?...

Plant Growth Database (17 September 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Pitted Bluegrass (Khan et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Pope Francis, Fossil Fuels Won’t Cause Armageddon (16 September 2015)
In an historic event next week, Pope Francis will make his first visit to the United States. It is expected to generate as much political interest as it will religious concerns. On Thursday, he will address a joint session of Congress, and on Friday he will speak to the United Nations General Assembly. He is widely expected to focus on climate change, a topic on which he shares much political ground with President Obama...

Modelling Caribbean Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Trends (16 September 2015)
Like almost every other aspect of the climate modelling enterprise, the work described in this journal review reveals a number of significant problems associated with the current state of the art...

850 Years of East Siberian Summer Temperatures (15 September 2015)
A new study provides yet one more example of empirical evidence that stands in opposition to model-based claims that modern temperatures have been rising in response to increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations...

Ocean Acidification Database (15 September 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Cinnamon Anemone Fish [Amphiprion melanopus] (Allen et al., 2014; Body depth of juveniles grown for 10-11 days post hatch). To access the entire database, click here.

Modelling the Tropical Inversion Response to Climate Change (14 September 2015)
It has so far been a heck of a job that looks like it still has a long way to go before it can be considered reliable...

Fifteen Hundred Years of South China Sea Water Temperatures (11 September 2015)
Analyses of the remains of marine bivalves from the South China Sea reveal the huge disconnect that exists between sea surface temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration in that part of the world...

Juvenile Atlantic Cod Behavior is Impervious to Ocean Acidification (10 September 2015)
The results of this study "complicate the prediction of future effects of ocean acidification on fish, suggesting that behavioral effects could be negligible in some species and that we might not be able to make good predictions until more species from representative geographical and phylogenetic groups are tested and published"...

Modeling United States Cloud Fraction, Insolation and Precipitation (10 September 2015)
Some problems never quite seem to be resolved; and modelling precipitation in the United States appears to be one of them...

Plant Growth Database (10 September 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Chickpea (Saha et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Ocean Acidification (Effects on Marine Animals: Echinoderms) -- Summary (9 September 2015)
With the passage of time, more and more evidence is accumulating that suggests the impacts of ocean acidification on echinoderms may not be as bad as many initially thought. Indeed, for many echinoderm species, the impacts will likely be minimal, if not altogether positive...

Changes in Daily Extreme Temperatures on China's Loess Plateau (9 September 2015)
The warming experienced there between 1960 and 2013 was of such a nature that it likely reduced both human morbidity and mortality throughout the region...

Problems Associated with Modelling South Asian Monsoon Rainfall (8 September 2015)
A new study of the subject finds at least a baker's dozen problems that have yet to be resolved before CMIP5 models can correctly do what everyone has long hoped they should be able to do in regard to the subject of this review...

Ocean Acidification Database (8 September 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Cobia [Rachycentron canadum] (Bignami et al., 2013; mean otolith area of larvae grown for 22 days post hatch). To access the entire database, click here.

Our Future: Will There Be Enough Water to Grow Enough Food? (7 September 2015)
The answer: Only if the air's CO2 concentration continues to rise...

The Equatorially-Asymmetric Mode of the Hadley Circulation (4 September 2015)
A new study of how well the most up-to-date CMIP5 climate models simulate the phenomenon finds little for the models' creators to crow about, as indicated by the findings of a recently published study of the subject...

The Resilience of an American Pika Metapopulation to Global Warming (3 September 2015)
The American pika has been characterized as an "indicator species" for the effects of global warming on various animal populations. However, rhetoric of its impending demise does not match the reality of the situation, as based upon a new analysis of a metapopulation from California, USA...

Thermal Refugia for Birds Inhabiting the Southern Kalahari Desert (3 September 2015)
It is often assumed that various animals will have to move either upward in altitude or poleward in latitude if the earth were ever to begin to warm again. Some animals, however, may be able to do just fine where they are, having an innate ability to seek out significantly cooler micro-refugia in regions where they currently reside...

Plant Growth Database (3 September 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Purple Pigeon Grass (Khan et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Agriculture (Species: Peanut) -- Summary (2 September 2015)
Nearly all agricultural crops respond to increases in the air's CO2 content by displaying enhanced rates of photosynthesis and biomass production. In this brief summary, we review the results of some of the studies that have evaluated these effects and the effects of climate-model predicted changes in air temperature, precipitation, and ozone pollution on peanut plants...

Searching for Phenotypic Variations in Yellow-Bellied Marmots (2 September 2015)
If researchers look long and hard enough, as the authors of this paper appear to have done, there are often unmistakable signs of phenotypic plasticity enabling species of both plants and animals to survive various types of climatic change...

Nitrogen Deposition Enhances Impact of Atmospheric CO2 Increase (1 September 2015)
The two global environmental changes that are the result of the Industrial Revolution have been combining their individual influences to enhance the growth and development of the planet's plant life for quite some time now...

Ocean Acidification Database (1 September 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Foraminifera [Ammonia aomoriensis] (Haynert and Schonfeld, 2014; salinity = 25 ppt). To access the entire database, click here.