Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Triticum aestivum L. [Common Wheat]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
262
14
9
 Arithmetic Mean
33.5%
49.6%
21.8%
 Standard Error
1.8%
10.7
2.8%

Individual Experiement Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Akin et al. (1995)

FACE, wet treatment
13%

 

 

Akin et al. (1995)

FACE, dry treatment
35%

 

 

Andre and Du Cloux (1993)

growth chambers, no water stress, day 23
23%

 

 

Andre and Du Cloux (1993)

growth chambers, no water stress, day 30
14%

 

 

Andre and Du Cloux (1993)

growth chambers, no water stress, day 38
30%

 

 

Andre and Du Cloux (1993)

growth chambers, water stress, day 12
45%

 

 

Andre and Du Cloux (1993)

growth chambers, water stress, day 36
23%

 

 

Andre and Du Cloux (1993)

growth chambers, water stress, day 50,14 days after recovery of normal watering
37%

 

 

Balaguer et al. (1995)

controlled environment chambers, leaves
52%

 

 

Balaguer et al. (1995)

controlled environment chambers, roots
38%

 

 

Balagueret al. (1995)

controlled environment chambers, stems
56%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 0.25 mM Na2HPO4
37%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 1.0 inositol hexaphosphate
17%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 0.25 mM inositol hexaphosphate
-4%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 1.0 mM glucose-1-phosphate
45%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 0.25 mM glucose-1-phosphate
7%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 0 mM P
30%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled-environment cabinets, solution culture, transient P deficiency,1.0 mM KH2PO4
61%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled-environment cabinets, solution culture, transient P deficiency,0.01 mM KH2PO4
64%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled-environment cabinets, solution culture, transient P deficiency,1.0 mM inositol hexaphosphate
39%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled-environment cabinets, solution culture, continuous P deficiency,1.0 mM KH2PO4
19%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled-environment cabinets, solution culture, continuous P deficiency,0.01 mM KH2PO4
20%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled-environment cabinets, solution culture, continuous P deficiency,1.0 mM inositol hexaphosphate
20%

 

 

Barrett et al. (1998)

controlled glasshouse, aseptically grown in agar, 1.0 mM Na2HPO4
63%

 

 

Batts et al. (1997)

Grain biomass of plants grown in the field for four consecutive seasons within polyethylene-covered tunnels along which a temperature gradient was imposed
6 to 153%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004a)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in growth chambers under normal temperature
30%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004a)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in growth chambers; aboveground biomass at normal temperature; cv Emma
29%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004a)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in growth chambers; aboveground biomass under heat stress; cv Emma
35%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004a)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in growth chambers; aboveground biomass under normal temperature; cv Mezofold
19%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004a)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in growth chambers; aboveground biomass under heat stress; cv Mezofold
11%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004b)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots in growth chambers for a total of 128 days after planting; cultivar Mv Martina
11%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2004b)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots in growth chambers for a total of 128 days after planting; cultivar Mv Emma
9%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in controlled environment chambers at ambient temperature; cv. Mezofold
6%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in controlled environment chambers subjected to 15 days of +11°C elevated daytime temperature; cv. Martina
20%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in controlled environment chambers at ambient temperature; cv. Emma
18%

 

 

Bencze et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in controlled environment chambers subjected to 15 days of +11°C elevated daytime temperature; cv. Emma
13%

 

 

Benczeet al. (2004a)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in growth chambers under heat-stressed temperature
30%

 

 

Benczeet al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in controlled environment chambers subjected to 15 days of +11°C elevated daytime temperature; cv. Mezofold
18%

 

 

Benczeet al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in controlled environment chambers at ambient temperature; cv. Martina
24%

 

 

Cardoso-Vilhena et al. (2004)

Plants grown individually in 3-dm3 pots in controlled environment chambers for 77 days; cv. Hanno; less than 5 nl l-1 ozone
56%

 

 

Cardoso-Vilhena et al. (2004)

Plants grown individually in 3-dm3 pots in controlled environment chambers for 77 days; cv. Hanno; 75 nl l-1 ozone
162%

 

 

Cardoso-Vilhena and Barnes (2001)

controlled environment chamber,1.5 mM NO3-
10%

 

 

Cardoso-Vilhena and Barnes (2001)

controlled environment chamber,4 mM NO3-
24%

 

 

Cardoso-Vilhena and Barnes (2001)

controlled environment chamber,14 mM NO3-
37%

 

 

Chen et al. (2004)

Aboveground biomass of well-watered plants infested with aphids grown from seed to maturity in high-fertility pots placed in open-top chambers; cv. Kehan 50
48%

 

 

Chen et al. (2004)

Aboveground biomass of well-watered plants not infested with aphids grown from seed to maturity in high-fertility pots placed in open-top chambers; cv. Kehan 50
52%

 

 

Cheng and Johnson (1998)

growth chamber, nitrogen fertilizer added
43%

 

 

Cheng and Johnson (1998)

growth chamber, no nitrogen fertilizer added
19%

 

 

Christ and Korner (1995)

hydroponics, shoots
40%

 

 

Christ and Korner (1995)

hydroponics, roots
73%

 

 

Dahal et al. (2014)

Grain yields of well watered and fertilized spring (cv Katepwa) plants grown from seed to maturity in controlled-environment growth chambers under continuous non-acclimated conditions (NA, 20/16C, day/night air temperatures)
39%

 

 

Dahal et al. (2014)

Grain yields of well watered and fertilized winter (cv Norstar) plants grown from seed to maturity in controlled-environment growth chambers for 75 days under cold-acclimated conditions (CA, 5/5°C, day/night air temperatures), and thereafter under non-acclimated conditions (NA, 20/16°C, day/night air temperatures)
57%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (1999)

Well watered and fertilized plants of the cultivar Malviya 234 grown for 45 days under field conditions in open-top chambers at Varanasi, India, without an extra 60 ppb of SO2
28%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (1999)

Well watered and fertilized plants of the cultivar Malviya 234 grown for 45 days under field conditions in open-top chambers at Varanasi, India, with an extra 60 ppb of SO2
26%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (1999)

Well watered and fertilized plants of the cultivar Malviya 234 grown for 60 days under field conditions in open-top chambers at Varanasi, India, without an extra 60 ppb of SO2
36%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (1999)

Well watered and fertilized plants of the cultivar Malviya 234 grown for 60 days under field conditions in open-top chambers at Varanasi, India, with an extra 60 ppb of SO2
75%

 

 

Derner et al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); First generation at physiological maturity
0%

 

 

Derner et al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); Second generation at day 10
18%

 

 

Derner et al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); Second generation at physiological maturity
54%

 

 

Derner et al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); Third generation at day 10
46%

 

 

Derner et al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); Third generation at physiological maturity
37%

 

 

Derneret al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); Second generation at day 21
33%

 

 

Derneret al. (2004)

Plants grown in pots in glasshouse bays from the seed of prior generations of plants raised under the same CO2 conditions (360 or 700 ppm); Third generation at day 21
92%

 

 

Dijkstra et al. (1999)

open-top chambers and field-tracking sun-lit climatized enclosures, total biomass
15%

 

 

Dijkstra et al. (1999)

open-top chambers and field-tracking sun-lit climatized enclosures, grain yield
17%

 

 

Dong-Xiu et al. (2002)

Season-long open-top chambers; soil moisture at 40% field capacity
41%

 

 

Dong-Xiu et al. (2002)

Season-long open-top chambers; soil moisture at 60% field capacity
103%

 

 

Dong-Xiu et al. (2002)

Season-long open-top chambers; soil moisture at 80% field capacity
83%

 

 

Donnelly et al. (1999)

open-top chambers, 1995
69%

 

 

Donnelly et al. (1999)

open-top chambers, 1996
54%

 

 

Donnelly et al. (2005)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots recessed into the ground out-of-doors in open-top chambers in air to which 90 ppb ozone was added (elevated ozone)
84%

 

 

Donnellyet al. (2005)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots recessed into the ground out-of-doors in open-top chambers in ambient air (normal ozone)
25%

 

 

Du Cloux et al. (1987)

pots (1.45 liters)
43%

 

 

Fangmeier et al. (1996)

open top chamber, 150kg Nitrogen per hectare added, ambient ozone
30%

 

 

Fangmeier et al. (1996)

open top chamber, 270kg Nitrogen per hectare added, ambient ozone
30%

 

 

Fangmeier et al. (1996)

open top chamber, 150kg Nitrogen per hectare added, ozone stressed
34%

 

 

Fangmeier et al. (1996)

open top chamber, 270kg Nitrogen per hectare added, ozone stressed
35%

 

 

Frank and Bauer (1996)

growth chambers, 14/18°C, 0 kg N ha-1
20%

-10%

 

Frank and Bauer (1996)

growth chambers, 14/18°C, 100 kg N ha-1
11%

0%

 

Frank and Bauer (1996)

growth chambers, 14/18°C, 300 kg N ha-1
14%

43%

 

Frank and Bauer (1996)

growth chambers, 22/26°C, 0 kg N ha-1
-78%

0%

 

Frank and Bauer (1996)

growth chambers, 22/26°C, 100 kg N ha-1
8%

-3%

 

Frank and Bauer (1996)

growth chambers, 22/26°C, 300 kg N ha-1
70%

28%

 

Gifford et al. (1985)

pots
97%

 

 

Gordon et al. (1995)

chambers inside a glasshouse
33%

 

 

Gorissen (1996)

phytotrons, 35 days
44%

 

 

Gorissen (1996)

phytotrons, 49 days
36%

 

 

Goudriaan and de Ruiter (1983)

pots, greenhouse
24%

 

 

Grant et al. (1999)

FACE, low irrigation
28%

 

 

Grant et al. (1999)

FACE, high irrigation
15%

 

 

Gregory et al. (1997)

polyethylene-covered tunnels, roots
66%

 

 

Grotenhuis et al. (1997)

greenhouses, Veery-10 cultivar, seed yield
 

 

15%

Grotenhuis et al. (1997)

greenhouses, Veery-10 cultivar, biomass
 

 

26%

Grotenhuis et al. (1997)

greenhouses, USU-Apogee cultivar,seed yield
 

 

17%

Grotenhuis et al. (1997)

greenhouses, USU-Apogee cultivar, biomass
 

 

27%

Gutierrez et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in Salamanca, Spain, in 2004 within chambers made of transparent polycarbonate walls and polyethylene sheet roofing
11%

 

 

Gutierrez et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in Salamanca, Spain, in 2005 within chambers made of transparent polycarbonate walls and polyethylene sheet roofing
16%

 

 

Hakala (1998)

open-top chambers, ambient temperature, grain yield
11%

 

 

Hakala (1998)

open-top chambers, ambient temperature, above ground biomass
15%

 

 

Hakala (1998)

greenhouse, ambient + 3C temperature, grain yield
18%

 

 

Hakala (1998)

greenhouse, ambient + 3C temperature, above ground biomass
21%

 

 

Havelka et al. (1984)

field, open-top chambers
 

 

12%

Hogy et al. (2009)

Total biomass of well watered plants grown together with typical weeds out-of-doors south of Stuttgart, Germany, in a FACE study
37%

 

 

Hogy et al. (2009)

Grain biomass of well watered plants grown together with typical weeds out-of-doors south of Stuttgart, Germany, in a FACE study
27%

 

 

Hogy et al. (2009)

Total aboveground biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in three different years under field conditions in a FACE study conducted at Heidfeldhof, south of Stuttgart in Germany
21%

 

 

Hogy et al. (2009)

Grain yield biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in three different years under field conditions in a FACE study conducted at Heidfeldhof, south of Stuttgart in Germany
18%

 

 

Hogy et al. (2010)

Above ground tissues biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in the field in a FACE study conducted south of Stuttgart (Germany)
24%

 

 

Hogy et al. (2010)

Grain yield biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in the field in a FACE study conducted south of Stuttgart (Germany)
25%

 

 

Kant et al. (2007)

Whole plant biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown (from seed) three to each 4-kg-capacity pot of Typic Haplustept soil in open-top chambers to the time of crown root initiation
32%

 

 

Kant et al. (2007)

Whole plant biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown (from seed) three to each 4-kg-capacity pot of Typic Haplustept soil in open-top chambers to the time of anthesis
74%

 

 

Kant et al. (2007)

Whole plant biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown (from seed) three to each 4-kg-capacity pot of Typic Haplustept soil in open-top chambers to the time of maturity
65%

 

 

Kartschall et al. (1995)

FACE, dry plot, biomass
35%

 

 

Kartschall et al. (1995)

FACE, wet plot, biomass
13%

 

 

Kartschall et al. (1995)

FACE, dry plot, grain yield
47%

 

 

Kartschall et al. (1995)

FACE, wet plot, grain yield
4%

 

 

Kendall et al. (1985)

pots, post-anthesis CO2, low light
 

 

41%

Kendall et al. (1985)

pots, post-anthesis CO2,moderate light
 

 

24%

Kimball et al. (2001)

FACE
27%

 

 

Kimball et al. (2001)

FACE, dry treatment
38%

 

 

Kimball et al. (2001)

FACE, low nitrogen
14%

 

 

Kou et al. (2007)

FACE study of plants grown for a full season at low soil N concentration (88.9 mg N kg-1 air-dried soil)
21%

 

 

Kou et al. (2007)

FACE study of plants grown for a full season at high soil N concentration (148.1 mg N kg-1 air-dried soil)
23%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012a)

Total biomass of adequately fertilized and watered plants grown from seed to maturity in a Mini-FACE system on an experimental farm in a wheat-soybean rotation in Changping, Beijing, China
64%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012a)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized and watered plants grown from seed to maturity in a Mini-FACE system on an experimental farm in a wheat-soybean rotation in Changping, Beijing, China
51%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012a)

Grain yield biomass of adequately fertilized (except for nitrogen) and irrigated plants grown from seed to maturity at a FACE facility in Changping, Beijing, China, in low N soil treatments
38%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012a)

Grain yield biomass of adequately fertilized (except for nitrogen) and irrigated plants grown from seed to maturity at a FACE facility in Changping, Beijing, China, in high N soil treatments
68%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012b)

Plants grown from seed to maturity under natural rainfall conditions at the AGFACE facility at Horsham, Victoria (Australia) under normal (warmer) sowing in 2008 (2008NS)
51%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012b)

Plants grown from seed to maturity under natural rainfall conditions at the AGFACE facility at Horsham, Victoria (Australia) under late (drier) sowing in 2008 (2008LS)
15%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012b)

Plants grown from seed to maturity under natural rainfall conditions at the AGFACE facility at Horsham, Victoria (Australia) under normal (warmer) sowing in 2009 (2009NS)
109%

 

 

Lam et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to maturity (in pots containing a non-fertilized Vertosol soil that was extracted from the plough layer, but which in the prior growing season had supported field pea) within naturally-lighted glasshouse chambers at Horsham, Victoria, Australia
11%

 

 

Lam et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to maturity (in pots containing a non-fertilized Vertosol soil that was extracted from the plough layer, but which in the prior growing season had supported N-fertilized barley) within naturally-lighted glasshouse chambers at Horsham, Victoria, Australia
11%

 

 

Lam et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to maturity (in pots containing a non-fertilized Vertosol soil that was extracted from the plough layer, but which in the prior growing season had supported field pea) within naturally-lighted glasshouse chambers at Horsham, Victoria, Australia
39%

 

 

Lam et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to maturity (in pots containing a non-fertilized Vertosol soil that was extracted from the plough layer, but which in the prior growing season had supported N-fertilized barley) within naturally-lighted glasshouse chambers at Horsham, Victoria, Australia
39%

 

 

Levine et al. (2008)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for 28 days in custom-designed root modules housed in Plexiglas chambers
 

 

20%

Li et al. (2000)

FACE, lower stem, well-watered
23%

 

 

Li et al. (2000)

FACE, lower stem, water-stressed
40%

 

 

Li et al., (2007)

Grain yield biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in the field in a cross between an open-top-chamber and FACE study in a semi-arid region of China under natural conditions
32%

 

 

Li et al., (2007)

Grain yield biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in the field in a cross between an open-top-chamber and FACE study in a semi-arid region of China when supplied with extra water and nutrients
112%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, well-watered (85-100% field capacity), no extra N
0%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, well-watered (85-100% field capacity), extra 50 µg N g-1
0%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, well-watered (85-100% field capacity), extra 100 µg N g-1
7%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, well-watered (85-100% field capacity), extra 200 µg N g-1
11%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, water-stressed (45-60% field capacity), no extra N
0%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, water-stressed (45-60% field capacity), extra 50 µg N g-1
0%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, water-stressed (45-60% field capacity), extra 100 µg N g-1
0%

 

 

Li and Kang (2002)

Plants grown from seed in controlled environment chambers in pots filled with 3 kg of loess soil, water-stressed (45-60% field capacity), extra 200 µg N g-1
0%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of aboveground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a low level of nitrogen fertilization
20%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of belowground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a low level of nitrogen fertilization
72%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of aboveground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a high level of nitrogen fertilization
40%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of belowground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a high level of nitrogen fertilization
5%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007b)

FACE study of plants grown in paddy culture at Wuxi, Jiangsu Province (China) during the grain ripening stage at normal N (250 kg ha-1) soil fertility
33%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007b)

FACE study of plants grown in paddy culture at Wuxi, Jiangsu Province (China) during the grain ripening stage at low N (125 kg ha-1) soil fertility
31%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2003)

Above-ground biomass of well watered plants grown from seed to maturity in the field at Braunschweig (Germany) and enclosed by open-top chambers
13%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2003)

Grain-yield biomass of well watered plants grown from seed to maturity in the field at Braunschweig (Germany) and enclosed by open-top chambers
14%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2003)

Above-ground biomass of well watered plants grown from seed to maturity in "simulated field plots in large volume soil containers buried in the ground" that were enclosed by open-top chambers
11%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2003)

Grain-yield biomass of well watered plants grown from seed to maturity in "simulated field plots in large volume soil containers buried in the ground" that were enclosed by open-top chambers
5%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (1997)

open top chambers, cultivar released 1890
38%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (1997)

open top chambers, cultivar released 1914
46%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (1997)

open top chambers, cultivar released 1943
49%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (1997)

open top chambers, cultivar released 1965
20%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (1997)

open top chambers, cultivar released 1979
19%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (1997)

open top chambers, cultivar released 1988
37%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (2007)

Plants grown for two seasons out-of-doors within open-top chambers under sufficient-water-supply (WET) conditions where the water supplied to the plants was halved just after the crop first-node stage was reached approximately 35 days after seedling emergence
<=11%

 

 

Manderscheid and Weigel (2007)

Plants grown for two seasons out-of-doors within open-top chambers under drought-stress (DRY) conditions where the water supplied to the plants was halved just after the crop first-node stage was reached approximately 35 days after seedling emergence
>=47%

 

 

Manoj-Kumar et al. (2012)

Total plant biomass of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity within a phytotron in 1.5-kg-capacity pots (3 plants/pot) filled with a Typic Haplustept soil of subtropical India
38%

 

 

Manoj-Kumar et al. (2012)

Grain biomass of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity within a phytotron in 1.5-kg-capacity pots (3 plants/pot) filled with a Typic Haplustept soil of subtropical India
52%

 

 

Marc and Gifford (1984)

pots, growth cabinets, 12 hr light, 23/18°C
 

110%

 

Marc and Gifford (1984)

pots, growth cabinets, 12 hr light, 24/21°C
 

84%

 

Marc and Gifford (1984)

pots, growth cabinets, 12 hr light, 23/18°C
 

75%

 

Marhan et al. (2008)

Stubble biomass of plants grown for three consecutive seasons in a mini-FACE study
22%

 

 

Marhan et al. (2008)

Root biomass of plants grown for three consecutive seasons in a mini-FACE study
18%

 

 

Masle (2000)

Grown from seed in greenhouses for four weeks; cv. Birch, with vernalization
 

87%

 

Masle (2000)

Grown from seed in greenhouses for four weeks; cv. Birch, without vernalization
 

57%

 

Masle (2000)

Grown from seed in greenhouses for four weeks; cv. Hartog, without vernalization
 

99%

 

Masle (2000)

Grown from seed in greenhouses for four weeks; cv. Hartog, without vernalization
 

 

 

McKee et al. (1997)

cv. Wembley; plants grown from sowing to harvest in 0.65 dm3 pots in low (less than 5ppb) ozone in controlled-environment chambers; total plant mass
21%

 

 

McKee et al. (1997)

cv. Wembley; plants grown from sowing to harvest in 0.65 dm3 pots in high (60 ppb) ozone in controlled-environment chambers; total plant mass
32%

 

 

McKee et al. (1997)

cv. Wembley; plants grown from sowing to harvest in 0.65 dm3 pots in low (less than 5ppb) ozone in controlled-environment chambers; grain mass
23%

 

 

McKee et al. (1997)

cv. Wembley; plants grown from sowing to harvest in 0.65 dm3 pots in high (60 ppb) ozone in controlled-environment chambers; grain mass
30%

 

 

McKee and Woodward (1994)

Grown to maturity in controlled-environment chambers supplied with nutrient solution nitrate concentrations of 2.5 mM Ca(NO3)2.4H2O
0%

 

 

McKee and Woodward (1994)

Grown to maturity in controlled-environment chambers supplied with nutrient solution nitrate concentrations of 5 mM Ca(NO3)2.4H2O
12%

 

 

McKee and Woodward (1994)

Grown to maturity in controlled-environment chambers supplied with nutrient solution nitrate concentrations of 10 mM Ca(NO3)2.4H2O
15%

 

 

McKee and Woodward (1994)

Grown to maturity in controlled-environment chambers supplied with nutrient solution nitrate concentrations of 15 mM Ca(NO3)2.4H2O
13%

 

 

McMaster et al. (1999)

growth chambers, shoot, tillering stage
0%

 

 

McMaster et al. (1999)

growth chambers, shoot, booting stage
12%

 

 

McMaster et al. (1999)

growth chambers, shoot, grain filling stage
16%

 

 

McMaster et al. (1999)

growth chambers, root, tillering stage
6%

 

 

McMaster et al. (1999)

growth chambers, root, booting stage
34%

 

 

McMaster et al. (1999)

growth chambers, root, grain filling stage
39%

 

 

Mishra et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of cultivar HUW-37 (dwarf variety) grown from seed out-of-doors in open-top chambers at the Botanical Garden of the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh in the eastern Gangetic plains of India between the months of December and March, with measurements being made 60 days after germination
46%

 

 

Mishra et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of cultivar K-9107 (tall variety) grown from seed out-of-doors in open-top chambers at the Botanical Garden of the Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh in the eastern Gangetic plains of India between the months of December and March, with measurements being made 60 days after germination
55%

 

 

Mitchell et al. (1995)

4 dm3 pots in controlled environment chambers, full season at ambient temperature; grain yield
32%

 

 

Mitchell et al. (1995)

4 dm3 pots in controlled environment chambers, full season at ambient temperature + 4°C; grain yield
35%

 

 

Mitchell et al. (1996)

cv. Mercia; 30-cm deep boxes in controlled environment chambers for full season; grain yield
18%

 

 

Monje and Bugbee (1998)

controlled environment chamber, seed yield
 

 

14%

Morison and Gifford (1984)

pots (3.2 kg soil)
73%

 

 

Mulholland et al. (1997)

Grown from seed in field within open-top chambers for full season (27 ppb O3); cv. Minaret; grain dry weight
26%

 

 

Mulholland et al. (1997)

Grown from seed in field within open-top chambers for full season (60 ppb O3); cv. Minaret; grain dry weight
36%

 

 

Musgrave and Strain (1988)

pots (0.6 liters)
 

37%

 

Musgrave and Strain (1988)

pots (0.6 liters)
 

87%

 

Pal et al. (2003/4)

Well-watered plants in pots supplied with high concentrations of soil nitrogen (150 Kg ha-1, respectively) that were grown from seed for 90 days in sunlit open-top chambers
23%

 

 

Pal et al. (2003/4)

Well-watered plants in pots supplied with low concentrations of soil nitrogen (75 Kg ha-1, respectively) that were grown from seed for 90 days in sunlit open-top chambers
14%

 

 

Pal et al. (2005)

Plants grown for 40 days in pots within open-top-chambers at low soil nitrogen application (75 kg/ha)
120%

 

 

Pal et al. (2005)

Plants grown for 40 days in pots within open-top-chambers at normal soil nitrogen application (150 kg/ha)
136%

 

 

Pal et al. (2005)

Plants grown for 90 days in pots within open-top-chambers at low soil nitrogen application (75 kg/ha)
110%

 

 

Pal et al. (2005)

Plants grown for 90 days in pots within open-top-chambers at normal soil nitrogen application (150 kg/ha)
124%

 

 

Pleijel et al. (1998)

Grown for a full season in the field within open-top chambers: above-ground; cv. Dragon
30%

 

 

Pleijel et al. (1998)

Grown for a full season in the field within open-top chambers: above-ground; cv. Dragon
 

 

 

Pleijel et al. (2000)

Grown in the field in open-top chambers: normal O3; cv. Dragon
27%

 

 

Pleijel et al. (2000)

Grown in the field in open-top chambers: twice normal O3; cv. Dragon
14%

 

 

Pleijel et al. (2000)

Grown in the field in open-top chambers: normal irrigation; cv. Dragon
10%

 

 

Pleijel et al. (2000)

Grown in the field in open-top chambers: increased irrigation; cv. Dragon
10%

 

 

Prior et al. (2005)

Grain yield of plants grown from seed to maturity within open-top chambers constructed upon 7-m x 76-m x 2-m-deep soil bins filled with a reconstructed Decatur silt loam
31%

 

 

Qiao et al. (2010)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers under well-watered conditions at China's Luancheng Agro-Eco Experimental Station
5%

 

 

Qiao et al. (2010)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers under droughty conditions at China's Luancheng Agro-Eco Experimental Station
11%

 

 

Qiao et al. (2010)

Grain yield of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers under well-watered conditions at China's Luancheng Agro-Eco Experimental Station
6%

 

 

Qiao et al. (2010)

Grain yield of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers under droughty conditions at China's Luancheng Agro-Eco Experimental Station
9%

 

 

Rakshit et al. (2012)

Root biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots filled with sandy loam soil at the National Phytotron Facility of New Delhi, India
22%

 

 

Rakshit et al. (2012)

Shoot biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots filled with sandy loam soil at the National Phytotron Facility of New Delhi, India
11%

 

 

Rakshit et al. (2012)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots filled with sandy loam soil at the National Phytotron Facility of New Delhi, India
10%

 

 

Saebo and Mortensen (1996)

Plants grown from seed in 20-cm-deep boxes in field within open-top chambers in cool climate; total biomass
11%

 

 

Saebo and Mortensen (1996)

Plants grown from seed in 20-cm-deep boxes in field within open-top chambers in cool climate; grain yield
8%

 

 

Schulze and Merbach (2008)

Root plus shoot biomass of well-fertilized plants grown from seed for three weeks within plexiglass chambers in pots filled with a sandy loam soil that was maintained at a soil moisture content of 35 to 40% field capacity (FC)
21%

 

 

Schulze and Merbach (2008)

Root plus shoot biomass of well-fertilized plants grown from seed for three weeks within plexiglass chambers in pots filled with a sandy loam soil that was maintained at a soil moisture content of 55 to 60% field capacity (FC)
23%

 

 

Schutz and Fangmeier (2001)

pots in open top chambers, well watered
42%

 

 

Schutz and Fangmeier (2001)

pots in open top chambers, water stressed
60%

 

 

Seneweera and Conroy (2005)

Shoot biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown in pots within controlled-environment chambers for 30 days prior to harvest
33%

 

 

Sharma-Natu et al. (1997)

Grain biomass of the cultivar Kalyansona grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers
49%

 

 

Sharma-Natu et al. (1997)

Grain biomass of the cultivar Kundan grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers
10%

 

 

Sinha et al. (2011)

Plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in a FACE facility in New Delhi, India
155%

 

 

Sun et al. (2009)

Well watered plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in Sanhe County, Hebei Province, China, in plastic pots within open-top chambers
15%

 

 

Tausz-Posch et al. (2012)

Above-ground biomass of plants of the cultivar Hartog grown from seed to maturity in a range of environments, including rain-fed and irrigated, at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE) facility 7 km west of Horsham, Victoria, Australia
24%

 

 

Tausz-Posch et al. (2012)

Grain yield of plants of the cultivar Hartog grown from seed to maturity in a range of environments, including rain-fed and irrigated, at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE) facility 7 km west of Horsham, Victoria, Australia
16%

 

 

Tausz-Posch et al. (2012)

Above-ground biomass of plants of the cultivar Drysdale grown from seed to maturity in a range of environments, including rain-fed and irrigated, at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE) facility 7 km west of Horsham, Victoria, Australia
47%

 

 

Tausz-Posch et al. (2012)

Grain yield biomass of plants of the cultivar Drysdale grown from seed to maturity in a range of environments, including rain-fed and irrigated, at the Australian Grains Free Air CO2 Enrichment (AGFACE) facility 7 km west of Horsham, Victoria, Australia
51%

 

 

Teramura et al. (1990)

pots (0.5 liters to 20 liters)
51%

 

 

Thilakarathne et al. (2013)

The least responsive of seven cultivars of adequately watered and fertilized wheat grown from the seedling stage to maturity in 3.5-L pots within environmentally-controlled glasshouses at the Department of Primary Industries, Horsham, Victoria, Australia, where they were exposed to normal sunlight and maintained at day/night temperatures of 20/17C
0%

 

 

Thilakarathne et al. (2013)

The most responsive of seven cultivars of adequately watered and fertilized wheat grown from the seedling stage to maturity in 3.5-L pots within environmentally-controlled glasshouses at the Department of Primary Industries, Horsham, Victoria, Australia, where they were exposed to normal sunlight and maintained at day/night temperatures of 20/17C
126%

 

 

Tiedemann and Firsching (2000)

controlled environment chambers,non-inocculated, ambient ozone
-3%

 

 

Tiedemann and Firsching (2000)

controlled environment chambers,non-inocculated, high ozone
48%

 

 

Tiedemann and Firsching (2000)

controlled environment chambers, inocculated, ambient ozone
3%

 

 

Tiedemann and Firsching (2000)

controlled environment chambers, inocculated, high ozone
72%

 

 

Uddling et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors 50 km northeast of Goteborg, Sweden, in open-top chambers at normal water supply (10 mm every second day)
-5%

 

 

Uddling et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors 50 km northeast of Goteborg, Sweden, in open-top chambers at high water supply (20 mm every second day, respectively)
3%

 

 

Ulman et al. (2000)

plexiglass chambers
9%

 

 

Van Vuuren et al. (1997)

growth chambers, wet treatment
5%

 

 

Van Vuuren et al. (1997)

growth chambers, dry treatment
9%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers; cv. Martina
13%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 400 mg N active agents/kg dry soil and 200 mg/kg P; cv. Martina
46%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 800 mg N active agents/kg dry soil and 200 mg/kg P; cv. Martina
40%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 800 mg N active agents/kg dry soil; cv. Martina
29%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers; cv. Emma
18%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 400 mg N active agents/kg dry soil and 200 mg/kg P; cv. Emma
54%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 800 mg N active agents/kg dry soil and 200 mg/kg P; cv. Emma
54%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 800 mg N active agents/kg dry soil; cv. Emma
40%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers; cv. Mezofold
6%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 400 mg N active agents/kg dry soil and 200 mg/kg P; cv. Mezofold
30%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 800 mg N active agents/kg dry soil and 200 mg/kg P; cv. Mezofold
38%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2005)

Controlled environment chambers with ten installments of 800 mg N active agents/kg dry soil; cv. Mezofold
29%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2008)

Grain yield of Libellula variety plants grown in a phytotron under well-watered conditions
16%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2008)

Grain yield of Libellula variety plants grown in a phytotron under drought conditions, where water was withheld from the 10th day after heading, during which time soil volumetric water content dropped from approximately 25% to 6%
22%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2008)

Grain yield of Mv Lona variety plants grown in a phytotron under well-watered conditions
27%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2008)

Grain yield of Mv Lona variety plants grown in a phytotron under drought conditions, where water was withheld from the 10th day after heading, during which time soil volumetric water content dropped from approximately 25% to 6%
27%

 

 

Wechsungn et al. (1999)

Season-long FACE study, average of wet and dry treatments, root biomass in-row
37%

 

 

Wechsungn et al. (1999)

Season-long FACE study, average of wet and dry treatments, root biomass inter-row
117%

 

 

Weigel et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to harvest in a FACE study under standard nitrogen application
25%

 

 

Weigel et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to harvest in a FACE study under sub-standard nitrogen application (50% of standard)
20%

 

 

Weigel and Manderscheid (2005)

Mean results of a number of experiments conducted at the Institute of Agroecology of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany, over the period 1992-2000, in experimental settings ranging from controlled environment chambers to out-of-doors open-top chambers (OTCs) to free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE): Old cultivars
39%

 

 

Weigel and Manderscheid (2005)

Mean results of a number of experiments conducted at the Institute of Agroecology of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany, over the period 1992-2000, in experimental settings ranging from controlled environment chambers to out-of-doors open-top chambers (OTCs) to free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE); Modern cultivars
25%

 

 

Wu et al. (2004)

Shoot biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in controlled environment chambers at a soil water level 40% of field water capacity
45%

 

 

Wu et al. (2004)

Shoot biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in controlled environment chambers at a soil water level 80% of field water capacity
76%

 

 

Wu et al. (2004)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in controlled-environment growth chambers at a soil water level of 80% of field water capacity)
142%

 

 

Wu et al. (2004)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in controlled-environment growth chambers at a soil water level of 40% of field water capacity)
67%

 

 

Wu et al. (2006)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots within open-top chambers
50%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2008)

Normal grain per ear biomass of plants in a FACE study
26%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2008)

Grain per ear biomass of plants in a FACE study (flag leaf darkened from 1 week after anthesis to maturity)
77%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2008)

Grain per ear biomass of plants in a FACE study (ear darkened from 1 week after anthesis to maturity)
31%

 

 

Ziska (2008)

Total vegetative biomass of three-year field study well watered and fertilized plants of a cultivar (Marquis, introduced into North America in 1903) grown within aluminum-chambers
59%

 

 

Ziska (2008)

Grain only biomass of three-year field study well watered and fertilized plants of a cultivar (Marquis, introduced into North America in 1903) grown within aluminum-chambers
77%

 

 

Ziska (2008)

Total vegetative biomass of three-year field study well watered and fertilized plants of a cultivar (Oxen, released in 1996) grown within aluminum-chambers
26%

 

 

Ziska (2008)

Grain only biomass of three-year field study well watered and fertilized plants of a cultivar (Oxen, released in 1996) grown within aluminum-chambers
19%

 

 

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