Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Oryza sativa L. [Rice]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
235
22
 
 Arithmetic Mean
37.5%
141%
 
 Standard Error
2%
37.5
 

Individual Experiment Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Aben et al. (1999)

hydroponics, 20 mg N L-1
32%

 

 

Aben et al. (1999)

hydroponics, 40 mg N L-1
34%

 

 

Aben et al. (1999)

hydroponics, 60 mg N L-1
32%

 

 

Aben et al. (1999)

hydroponics, 100 mg N L-1
29%

 

 

Alberto et al. (1996)

glasshouse, above-ground biomass
71%

 

 

Alberto et al. (1996)

glasshouse, seed yield
83%

 

 

Baker (2004)

Irrigated and fertilized plants grown to maturity in outdoor, naturally-sunlit, controlled-environment chambers maintained at a constant day-night air temperature of 28C; grain biomass; cv. Cocodrie
40%

 

 

Baker (2004)

Irrigated and fertilized plants grown to maturity in outdoor, naturally-sunlit, controlled-environment chambers maintained at a constant day-night air temperature of 28C; grain biomass; cv. Cypress
61%

 

 

Baker (2004)

Irrigated and fertilized plants grown to maturity in outdoor, naturally-sunlit, controlled-environment chambers maintained at a constant day-night air temperature of 28C; grain biomass; cv. Jefferson
49%

 

 

Baker (2004)

Grain biomas of irrigated and fertilized plants grown to maturity in outdoor, naturally-sunlit, controlled-environment chambers maintained at constant day-night air temperatures of 27/23C; grain biomass; cv. Lamont; main crop
11%

 

 

Baker (2004)

Grain biomas of irrigated and fertilized plants grown to maturity in outdoor, naturally-sunlit, controlled-environment chambers maintained at constant day-night air temperatures of 27/23C; grain biomass; cv. Lamont; ratoon crop
89%

 

 

Baker et al. (1990)

vats, growth chambers
78%

53%

 

Baker et al. (1990)

vats, growth chambers
34%

83%

 

Baker et al. (1992)

vats, growth chambers
18%

26%

 

Baker et al. (1994)

Plants grown for whole season in outdoor, naturally sunlit, controlled-environment, plant growth chambers under day/night air temperatures of 32 and 23C, respectively
0%

 

 

Baker et al. (1994)

Plants grown for whole season in outdoor, naturally sunlit, controlled-environment, plant growth chambers under day/night air temperatures of 35 and 26C, respectively
12%

 

 

Baker et al. (1994)

Plants grown for whole season in outdoor, naturally sunlit, controlled-environment, plant growth chambers under day/night air temperatures of 38 and 29C, respectively
43%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Grain yield of plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers; flooded
24%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Grain yield of plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers; drought at panicle initiation
22%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Grain yield of plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers; drought at anthesis
17%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Grain yield of plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers; drought at both panicle initiation and anthesis
6%

 

 

Bannayan et al. (2005)

FACE study of plants grown in paddies in northern Japan under high nitrogen treatment
26%

 

 

Bannayan et al. (2005)

FACE study of plants grown in paddies in northern Japan under medium nitrogen treatment
18%

 

 

Bannayan et al. (2005)

FACE study of plants grown in paddies in northern Japan under low nitrogen treatment
16%

 

 

Baysa et al. (2003)

Growth chambers at day/night temperatures of 29/21C at 27 days after sowing
57%

 

 

Baysa et al. (2003)

Growth chambers at day/night temperatures of 34/26C at 27 days after sowing
23%

 

 

Bhattacharyya et al. (2013)

An intensive 2-year open-top chamber field study of the grain yield of rice grown in paddy culture at the experiment farm of the Central Rice Research Institute in Cuttack, India
40%

 

 

Bhattacharyya et al. (2014)

Mean grain yields of plants grown to maturity in three different years within open-top chambers at the experimental farm of the Central Rice Research Institute in the eastern part of India at ambient temperature (AT)
44%

 

 

Bhattacharyya et al. (2014)

Mean grain yields of plants grown to maturity in three different years within open-top chambers at the experimental farm of the Central Rice Research Institute in the eastern part of India at elevated temperature [ET = AT (ambient temperature) + 2C]
42%

 

 

Chen et al. (2011)

Well watered and fertilized transgenic Bt plants grown for 50 days after seeding (DAS) in pots filled with an 8:2 mix of loam:manure, located out-of-doors in open-top chambers
156%

 

 

Chen et al. (2011)

Well watered and fertilized transgenic Bt plants grown for 100 days after seeding (DAS) in pots filled with an 8:2 mix of loam:manure, located out-of-doors in open-top chambers
8%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown in paddy culture for 3.5 months in controlled environment chambers; cv Nipponbare
21%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2005)

Belowground biomass of plants grown in paddy culture for 3.5 months in controlled environment chambers; cv Nipponbare
26%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2006)

Total plant biomass of well-fertilized plants grown in simulated paddy culture in controlled-environment chambers from time of transplantation to harvest
11%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2006)

Ear plant biomass of well-fertilized plants grown in simulated paddy culture in controlled-environment chambers from time of transplantation to harvest
18%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2008)

Well watered (flooded) and fertilized plants grown from the panicle formation stage at 59 days after transplanting (DAT, from seedling trays into pots) within controlled-environment chambers until either 107 or 114 DAT under high (32C) night temperatures, with day temperature held constant at 32C
13%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2008)

Well watered (flooded) and fertilized plants grown from the panicle formation stage at 59 days after transplanting (DAT, from seedling trays into pots) within controlled-environment chambers until either 107 or 114 DAT under low (22C) night temperatures, with day temperature held constant at 32C
38%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2009)

Post-vegetative stage new whole-plant biomass from seedlings of a semi-dwarf indica cultivar IR72 planted in pots and raised in an outdoor water tank throughout their vegetative stage, after which (during the reproductive stage) they were moved to controlled environment chambers where they were maintained at atmospheric CO2 concentrations of either 380 or 680 ppm at day temperatures of 32C and night temperatures of 22C (low T)
40%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2009)

Post-vegetative stage new whole-plant biomass from seedlings of a semi-dwarf indica cultivar IR72 planted in pots and raised in an outdoor water tank throughout their vegetative stage, after which (during the reproductive stage) they were moved to controlled environment chambers where they were maintained at atmospheric CO2 concentrations of either 380 or 680 ppm at day temperatures of 32C and night temperatures of 32C (high T)
13%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2009)

Plants of the cultivar IR72 grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, at high (32C) night temperature
9%

 

 

Cheng et al. (2009)

Plants of the cultivar IR72 grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, at low (22C) night temperature
27%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2003)

3-month growing season in open-top chambers; January to March (the maha season)
36%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2003)

3-month growing season in open-top chambers; May to August (the yala season)
58%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2006)

Open-top chamber study of plants growing under normal field conditions during the maha (January to March) season at the Rice Research and Development Institute of Sri Lanka
34%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2006)

Open-top chamber study of plants growing under normal field conditions during the yala (May to August) season at the Rice Research and Development Institute of Sri Lanka
54%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2007)

Grain yield biomass of 16 different genotypes of rice grown in open-top chambers under standard lowland paddy culture with adequate water and nutrients at the Rice Research and Development Institute in Sri Lanka from May to August (yala season)
128%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2007)

Grain yield biomass of 16 different genotypes of rice grown in open-top chambers under standard lowland paddy culture with adequate water and nutrients at the Rice Research and Development Institute in Sri Lanka from November to March (maha season)
44%

 

 

Fan et al. (2010)

Plants of the variety Asominori (Japonica) were grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors under standard agricultural practices in a FACE study conducted at Anzhen Village, Wuxi City, China
64%

 

 

Fan et al. (2010)

Plants of the variety IR24 (Indica) were grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors under standard agricultural practices in a FACE study conducted at Anzhen Village, Wuxi City, China
65%

 

 

Fan et al. (2010)

Plants of the variety IR24 (Indica) were grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors under standard agricultural practices in a FACE study conducted at Xiaoji Village, Yangzhou City, China, using seeds produced by plants grown in the previous year in a similar FACE study
57%

 

 

Fan et al. (2010)

Plants of the variety Asominori (Japonica) were grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors under standard agricultural practices in a FACE study conducted at Xiaoji Village, Yangzhou City, China, using seeds produced by plants grown in the previous year in a similar FACE study
32%

 

 

Fan et al. (2010)

Plants of the variety Asominori (Japonica) were grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors under standard agricultural practices in a FACE study conducted at Xiaoji Village, Yangzhou City, China, using seeds produced by plants that had been grown for two generations in a similar FACE study
35%

 

 

Fan et al. (2010)

Plants of the variety IR42 (Indica) were grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors under standard agricultural practices in a FACE study conducted at Xiaoji Village, Yangzhou City, China, using seeds produced by plants that had been grown for two generations in a similar FACE study
50%

 

 

Fumoto et al. (2013)

Root biomass at heading stage of the Japanese cultivar Akitakomachi grown for five years out-of-doors under standard conditions in a long-term FACE study
30%

 

 

Fumoto et al. (2013)

Aboveground biomass at maturity of the Japanese cultivar Akitakomachi grown for five years out-of-doors under standard conditions in a long-term FACE study
15%

 

 

Imai et al. (1985)

pots (12 kg soil)
29%

 

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at low light (27 lux) and low day/night temperatures (23/20C)
 

44%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at low light (27 lux) and high day/night temperatures (28/23C)
 

87%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at high light (48 lux) and low day/night temperatures (23/20C)
 

49%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at high light (48 lux) and high day/night temperatures (28/23C)
 

66%

 

Jitla et al. (1997)

growth chambers, enriched since germination
49%

 

 

Jitla et al. (1997)

growth chambers, enriched 15 days after planting
17%

 

 

Khan and Madsen (1986)

containers (6.1 liters)
16%

29%

 

Kim et al. (2001)

FACE, shoots, low nitrogen
12%

 

 

Kim et al. (2001)

FACE, shoots, medium nitrogen
16%

 

 

Kim et al. (2001)

FACE, shoots, high nitrogen
21%

 

 

Kim et al. (2001)

FACE, roots, low nitrogen
33%

 

 

Kim et al. (2001)

FACE, roots, medium nitrogen
28%

 

 

Kim et al. (2001)

FACE, roots, high nitrogen
15%

 

 

Kim et al. (2003)

Plants grown from the seedling stage to maturity in a FACE study for three cropping seasons; biomass of grain under low nitrogen treatment (4 g N m-2)
11%

 

 

Kim et al. (2003)

Plants grown from the seedling stage to maturity in a FACE study for three cropping seasons; biomass of grain under medium nitrogen treatment (8 and 9 g N m-2)
22%

 

 

Kim et al. (2003)

Plants grown from the seedling stage to maturity in a FACE study for three cropping seasons; biomass of grain under high nitrogen treatment (15 g N m-2)
23%

 

 

Kim et al. (2011)

Whole plant biomass of 30-day-old seedlings grown to maturity in pots mimicking well-fertilized paddy culture within natural sunlit temperature-gradient chambers maintained at ambient temperature (T) at Chonnam National University in Gwangju, South Korea
11%

 

 

Kim et al. (2011)

Grain biomass of 30-day-old seedlings grown to maturity in pots mimicking well-fertilized paddy culture within natural sunlit temperature-gradient chambers maintained at ambient temperature (T) at Chonnam National University in Gwangju, South Korea
86%

 

 

Kim et al. (2011)

Whole plant biomass of 30-day-old seedlings grown to maturity in pots mimicking well-fertilized paddy culture within natural sunlit temperature-gradient chambers maintained at an elevated (ambient + 2.1C) temperature (T) at Chonnam National University in Gwangju, South Korea
44%

 

 

Kim et al. (2011)

Grain biomass of 30-day-old seedlings grown to maturity in pots mimicking well-fertilized paddy culture within natural sunlit temperature-gradient chambers maintained at an elevated (ambient + 2.1C) temperatures (T) at Chonnam National University in Gwangju, South Korea
38%

 

 

Li et al. (2008)

The seventh (currently-expanding) leaves of hydroponically-grown plants in nutrient solutions located within controlled-environment chambers on day 2 of the expansion process
84%

 

 

Li et al. (2008)

The seventh (currently-expanding) leaves of hydroponically-grown plants in nutrient solutions located within controlled-environment chambers on day 3 of the expansion process
44%

 

 

Li et al. (2008)

The seventh (currently-expanding) leaves of hydroponically-grown plants in nutrient solutions located within controlled-environment chambers on days 5-7 of the expansion process
13%

 

 

Li et al. (2010)

Total biomass of well fertilized plants of six different varieties grown in pots under paddy-type culture out-of-doors in open-top chambers from seed to maturity in soil having a high level of multi-metal contamination
 

104%

 

Li et al. (2010)

Grain biomass of well fertilized plants of six different varieties grown in pots under paddy-type culture out-of-doors in open-top chambers from seed to maturity in soil having a high level of multi-metal contamination
 

104%

 

Li et al. (2010)

Total biomass of well fertilized plants of six different varieties grown in pots under paddy-type culture out-of-doors in open-top chambers from seed to maturity in soil having a low level of multi-metal contamination
 

73%

 

Liu et al. (2008)

Yield biomass of FACE study plants grown under paddy culture at low (12.5 g N m-2) levels of nitrogen (N) fertility
53%

 

 

Liu et al. (2008)

Yield biomass of FACE study plants grown under paddy culture at high (25 g N m-2) levels of nitrogen (N) fertility
53%

 

 

Liu et al. (2012)

Root biomass of well fertilized plants grown in paddy culture for an entire normal season in a FACE study conducted out-of-doors in Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan
26%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Straw biomass of cultivar IR-72 plants grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
13%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of cultivar IR-72 plants grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
12%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Straw biomass of plants of the cultivar Dular grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
5%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants of the cultivar Dular grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
-1%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Straw biomass of plants of the cultivar IR65598 grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
11%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants of the cultivar IR65598 grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
27%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Straw biomass of plants of the cultivar Koshihikari grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
23%

 

 

Lou et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants of the cultivar Koshihikari grown to maturity within controlled-environment chambers from seed planted in submerged pots filled with a fertilized soil collected from the plough layer of a paddy field in Chiba Prefecture, Japan
20%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of aboveground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a low level of nitrogen fertilization
40%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of belowground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a low level of nitrogen fertilization
61%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of aboveground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a high level of nitrogen fertilization
24%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007a)

FACE study of belowground biomass production of plants grown for a full season under field conditions at a high level of nitrogen fertilization
39%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007b)

FACE study of plants grown in paddy culture at Wuxi, Jiangsu Province (China) during the grain ripening stage at normal N (250 kg ha-1) soil fertility
12%

 

 

Ma et al. (2007b)

FACE study of plants grown in paddy culture at Wuxi, Jiangsu Province (China) during the grain ripening stage at low N (150 kg ha-1) soil fertility
32%

 

 

Makino et al. (2000a)

70 days in environmentally-controlled growth chamber, hydroponics, "wild type"
 

35%

 

Makino et al. (2000a)

70 days in environmentally-controlled growth chamber, hydroponics, "transgenic with 65% wild-type Rubisco"
 

145%

 

Makino et al. (2000a)

70 days in environmentally-controlled growth chamber, hydroponics, "transgenic with 40% wild-type Rubisco"
 

545%

 

Makino et al. (2000b)

growth chamber, hydroponics,wild-type plants, shoot
 

33%

 

Makino et al. (2000b)

growth chamber, hydroponics,wild-type plants, root
 

44%

 

Makino et al. (2000b)

growth chamber, hydroponics, transformant AS-77 plants, shoot
 

109%

 

Makino et al. (2000b)

growth chamber, hydroponics, transformant AS-77 plants, root
 

215%

 

Makino et al. (2000b)

growth chamber, hydroponics, transformant AS-71 plants, shoot
 

580%

 

Makino et al. (2000b)

growth chamber, hydroponics, transformant AS-71 plants, root
 

585%

 

Morison and Gifford (1984)

pots (3.2 kg soil)
38%

 

 

Olszyk et al. (1999)

Plants in field within open-top chambers (wet season)
29%

 

 

Olszyk et al. (1999)

Plants in field within open-top chambers (dry season)
24%

 

 

Olszyk et al. (1999)

Plants in field within open-top chambers (dry season)
15%

 

 

Olszyk and Wise (1997)

Plants grown from seed in plastic tubes (150 g soil) in glasshouses for 28 days; O3 ~ 1 l l-1 h
37%

 

 

Olszyk and Wise (1997)

Plants grown from seed in plastic tubes (150 g soil) in glasshouses for 28 days; O3 ~ 44 l l-1 h
128%

 

 

Pang et al. (2006)

Ear biomass of plants grown from the 28-day seedling stage for five months in low N (14 mg N/liter) nutrient solution in buckets recessed into the ground in a FACE study
70%

 

 

Pang et al. (2006)

Ear biomass of plants grown from the 28-day seedling stage for five months in high N (28 mg N per liter) nutrient solution in buckets recessed into the ground in a FACE study
74%

 

 

Pang et al. (2006)

Stem biomass of plants grown from the 28-day seedling stage for five months in low N (14 mg N/liter) nutrient solution in buckets recessed into the ground in a FACE study
52%

 

 

Pang et al. (2006)

Stem biomass of plants grown from the 28-day seedling stage for five months in high N (28 mg N per liter) nutrient solution in buckets recessed into the ground in a FACE study
32%

 

 

Pang et al. (2006)

Root biomass of plants grown from the 28-day seedling stage for five months in low N (14 mg N/liter) nutrient solution in buckets recessed into the ground in a FACE study
84%

 

 

Pang et al. (2006)

Root biomass of plants grown from the 28-day seedling stage for five months in high N (28 mg N per liter) nutrient solution in buckets recessed into the ground in a FACE study
114%

 

 

Roy et al. (2012)

Root biomass of a well-fertilized tropical rice cultivar (cv. Naveen) grown for three years out-of-doors within open-top chambers under fully flooded field conditions
52%

 

 

Roy et al. (2012)

Grain biomass of a well-fertilized tropical rice cultivar (cv. Naveen) grown for three years out-of-doors within open-top chambers under fully flooded field conditions
42%

 

 

Sakai et al. (2006)

Plants grown under normal nitrogen conditions from the seedling stage to harvest in flooded alluvial paddy soil in containers located within naturally sunlit controlled-environment chambers
9%

 

 

Sakai et al. (2006)

Plants grown under 40% higher than normal nitrogen conditions from the seedling stage to harvest in flooded alluvial paddy soil in containers located within naturally sunlit controlled-environment chambers
40%

 

 

Sakai et al. (2007)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown for one full season out-of-doors at a FACE facility in the northern part of Honshu, Japan, under standard paddy culture
16%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005a)

Ears per hill biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in paddy boxes (150 x 150 x 30 cm high) at a density of 3 seedlings per hill in controlled environment chambers
31%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005b)

Total biomass at pre-heading of plants grown as per standard farming practices at the Japanese Rice FACE Project
60%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005b)

Total biomass at grain-filling of plants grown as per standard farming practices at the Japanese Rice FACE Project
33%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005b)

Total biomass at grain maturity of plants grown as per standard farming practices at the Japanese Rice FACE Project
21%

 

 

Schrope et al. (1999)

Plants grown for a typical "ratooned" growing season in 60-cm-deep vats within Temperature Gradient Chambers in greenhouses; cv. Lemont
72%

 

 

Schrope et al. (1999)

Plants grown for a typical "ratooned" growing season in 60-cm-deep vats within Temperature Gradient Chambers in greenhouses; cv. IR-72
33%

 

 

Seneweera (2011)

Blade biomass of plants grown hydroponically from 7-day stage to maturity within controlled-environment chambers in buckets of nutrient solution
1%

 

 

Seneweera (2011)

Sheath biomass of plants grown hydroponically from 7-day stage to maturity within controlled-environment chambers in buckets of nutrient solution
43%

 

 

Seneweera (2011)

Root biomass of plants grown hydroponically from 7-day stage to maturity within controlled-environment chambers in buckets of nutrient solution
147%

 

 

Seneweera (2011)

Grain biomass of plants grown hydroponically from 7-day stage to maturity within controlled-environment chambers in buckets of nutrient solution
25%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2008)

Grain yield of plants grown in a FACE study in Japan in a cool year (mean growing season temperature of 18.7C)
9%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2008)

Grain yield of plants grown in a FACE study in Japan in a warm year (mean growing season temperature of 20.2C)
26%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kirara397
21%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kirara397
29%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kakehashi
9%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kakehashi
17%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Akitakomachi
25%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Akitakomachi
9%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Hitomebore
25%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Adequately fertilized whole plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Hitomebore
15%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kirara397
20%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kirara397
37%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kakehashi
4%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Kakehashi
6%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Akitakomachi
-1%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Akitakomachi
21%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fourth-leaf stage in 2003 (mean growing season air temperature = 18.3C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Hitomebore
25%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Grain yield of adequately fertilized plants grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in 2004 (mean growing season air temperature = 19.9C) in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions until maturity; cv Hitomebore
24%

 

 

Shimono and Bunce (2009)

Plants grown hydroponically but not aerated, one to each 4-L pot, in a complete nutrient solution within controlled-environment chambers at the panicle initiation growth stage
30%

 

 

Shimono and Bunce (2009)

Plants grown hydroponically but not aerated, one to each 4-L pot, in a complete nutrient solution within controlled-environment chambers at the full heading growth stage
22%

 

 

Shimono and Bunce (2009)

Plants grown hydroponically but not aerated, one to each 4-L pot, in a complete nutrient solution within controlled-environment chambers at the mid-ripening growth stage
6%

 

 

Shimono and Bunce (2009)

Plants grown hydroponically in controlled environment chambers and harvested at 62 days after sowing (DAS)
30%

 

 

Shimono and Bunce (2009)

Plants grown hydroponically in controlled environment chambers and harvested at 103 days after sowing (DAS)
22%

 

 

Shimono and Bunce (2009)

Plants grown hydroponically in controlled environment chambers and harvested at 136 days after sowing (DAS)
5%

 

 

Shimono and Okada (2013)

Mean biomass of early vegetative growth stage of 24 different cultivars of rice grown one plant to each pot of paddy soil located within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers at the National Agricultural Research Center for the Tohoku Region of Japan
45%

 

 

Shimono and Okada (2013)

Maximum biomass of early vegetative growth stage of 24 different cultivars of rice grown one plant to each pot of paddy soil located within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers at the National Agricultural Research Center for the Tohoku Region of Japan
182%

 

 

Shimono and Okada (2013)

Minimum biomass of early vegetative growth stage of 24 different cultivars of rice grown one plant to each pot of paddy soil located within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers at the National Agricultural Research Center for the Tohoku Region of Japan
-16%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivar Rajshree) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
126%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivar Rajshree bhagwati) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
64%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivar Swarna sub 1) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
51%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivar MTU 7029) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
65%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivar Rajshree) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
94%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivator Rajendra bhagwati) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
65%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivator Swarna sub 1) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
70%

 

 

Singh et al. (2013)

Grain biomass of well watered and fertilized three-week-old seedlings (cultivator MTU 7029) transplanted into open-top chambers maintained out-of-doors under normal environmental conditions for a total of 95 more days
69%

 

 

Tako et al. (2001)

Hydroponics, day/night temp. 24/17C
0%

 

 

Tako et al. (2001)

Hydroponics, day/night temp. 26/19C
19%

 

 

Tang et al. (2009)

Shoot biomass of adequately watered plants grown from seed for four months in microcosms within a greenhouse in a low nutrient soil without the addition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF)
62%

 

 

Tang et al. (2009)

Shoot biomass of adequately watered plants grown from seed for four months in microcosms within a greenhouse in a low nutrient soil with the addition of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF)
54%

 

 

Teramura et al. (1990)

pots (0.5 liters to 20 liters)
18%

 

 

Tokida et al. (2010)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed to transplanting to maturity under standard paddy culture in a FACE study conducted at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, in two different years (2007 and 2008) under normal soil/water temperatures (NT)
31%

 

 

Tokida et al. (2010)

Belowground biomass of plants grown from seed to transplanting to maturity under standard paddy culture in a FACE study conducted at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, in two different years (2007 and 2008) under normal soil/water temperatures (NT)
25%

 

 

Tokida et al. (2010)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed to transplanting to maturity under standard paddy culture in a FACE study conducted at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, in two different years (2007 and 2008) under elevated soil/water temperatures (ET)
26%

 

 

Tokida et al. (2010)

Belowground biomass of plants grown from seed to transplanting to maturity under standard paddy culture in a FACE study conducted at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, in two different years (2007 and 2008) under elevated soil/water temperatures (ET)
37%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, leaf dry mass,Pusa-Basmati-1 cultivar
66%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, leaf dry mass,P-2503-6-693 cultivar
35%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, leaf dry mass,P-677 cultivar
21%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, leaf dry mass,P-834 cultivar
18%

 

 

Watling and Press (2000)

Plants grown from seed in pots for 80 days in the presence of the root hemiparasite Striga hermonthica
105%

 

 

Watling and Press (2000)

Plants grown from seed in pots for 80 days in the absence of the root hemiparasite Striga hermonthica
5%

 

 

Weerakoon et al. (1999)

glasshouse, low nitrogen
 

24%

 

Weerakoon et al. (1999)

glasshouse, high nitrogen
 

69%

 

Xie et al. (2012)

Aboveground biomass (mean) of plants grown in a 4-year multi-factorial rice-wheat rotation FACE study at a sub-tropical rice paddy that contained sandy loam soil in the Yangtze River Delta from 2004-2007 in twenty treatments that consisted of various combinations of different amounts of nitrogen and wheat residue additions
34%

 

 

Xu et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in paddy culture in a FACE study under low nitrogen
15%

 

 

Xu et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in paddy culture in a FACE study under high nitrogen
24%

 

 

Xu et al. (2006)

Aboveground biomass at anthesis of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed and transplanted to the field where they were studied under FACE conditions
42%

 

 

Xu et al. (2006)

Aboveground biomass at mid-ripening of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed and transplanted to the field where they were studied under FACE conditions
45%

 

 

Xu et al. (2006)

Aboveground biomass at maturity of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed and transplanted to the field where they were studied under FACE conditions
22%

 

 

Yamakawa et al. (2004)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed under conventional management in FACE study; Panicle initiation
80%

 

 

Yamakawa et al. (2004)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed under conventional management in FACE study; Final
20%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006a)

Plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003 at tillering
60%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006a)

Plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003 at panicle inititation
45%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006a)

Plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003 at heading
33%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006a)

Plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003 at mid-ripening
39%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006a)

Plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003 at grain maturity
24%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006b)

Yield biomass of plants grown for three seasons (2001-2003) under standard paddy culture at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility of Wuxi, Jiangsu province, China in 2001
16%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006b)

Yield biomass of plants grown for three seasons (2001-2003) under standard paddy culture at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility of Wuxi, Jiangsu province, China in 2002
21%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006b)

Yield biomass of plants grown for three seasons (2001-2003) under standard paddy culture at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility of Wuxi, Jiangsu province, China in 2003
20%

 

 

Yang et al. (2007a)

Total dry matter biomass of paddy rice crops grown between intervening wheat crops in a rice-wheat rotation during a three-year FACE study at Wuxi, Jiangsu, China
24%

 

 

Yang et al. (2007a)

Total grain yield biomass of paddy rice crops grown between intervening wheat crops in a rice-wheat rotation during a three-year FACE study at Wuxi, Jiangsu, China
20%

 

 

Yang et al. (2007b)

Grain yield biomass of plants grown under three levels of nitrogen fertilization -15, 25 (standard) and 35 g N m-2 during a three-year FACE study- conducted at Wuxi, Jiangsu, China
19%

 

 

Yang et al. (2008)

Root biomass of plants grown for full season in two different years under standard paddy culture at low soil nitrogen (N) fertility level (15 g N/m2)
100%

 

 

Yang et al. (2008)

Root biomass of plants grown for full season in two different years under standard paddy culture at medium soil nitrogen (N) fertility level (25 g N/m2)
110%

 

 

Yang et al. (2008)

Root biomass of plants grown for full season in two different years under standard paddy culture at high soil nitrogen (N) fertility level (35 g N/m2)
90%

 

 

Yang et al. (2009)

Grain biomass of plants of the two-line hybrid variety of Peiai (64S x 9311) grown to maturity in a FACE study conducted at Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China in three consecutive years (2004-2006) at low levels of nitrogen (N) application (12.5 g N m-2)
43%

 

 

Yang et al. (2009)

Grain biomass of plants of the two-line hybrid variety of Peiai (64S x 9311) grown to maturity in a FACE study conducted at Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China in three consecutive years (2004-2006) at high levels of nitrogen (N) application (25 g N m-2)
48%

 

 

Yang et al. (2009)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity under standard paddy culture in a FACE study at Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China in 2004-2006 at low levels of nitrogen (N) application (12.5 g N m-2)
44%

 

 

Yang et al. (2009)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity under standard paddy culture in a FACE study at Yangzhou, Jiangsu, China in 2004-2006 at high levels of nitrogen (N) application (25 g N m-2)
49%

 

 

Yang et al. (2009b)

Grain yield of FACE study of the inter-subspecific hybrid cultivar "Liangyoupeijiu" conducted at Yangzhou City, China, under low soil nitrogen (N) content of 12.5 g N/m2
35%

 

 

Yang et al. (2009b)

Grain yield of FACE study of the inter-subspecific hybrid cultivar "Liangyoupeijiu" conducted at Yangzhou City, China, under high soil nitrogen (N) content of 25 g N/m2
40%

 

 

Yoshimoto et al. (2006)

FACE study of paddy-grown plants from transplanting through harvest conducted at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan
14%

 

 

Yun et al. (2012)

Seedlings of 30-day-old plants transplanted into temperature gradient field chambers and grown to physiological grain maturity at ambient outdoor temperature (TA), which were assessed for aboveground biomass at the time of panicle initiation (PI)
17%

 

 

Yun et al. (2012)

Seedlings of 30-day-old plants transplanted into temperature gradient field chambers and grown to physiological grain maturity at ambient outdoor temperature (TA), which were assessed for aboveground biomass at the time of full heading (FH)
10%

 

 

Yun et al. (2012)

Seedlings of 30-day-old plants transplanted into temperature gradient field chambers and grown to physiological grain maturity at ambient outdoor temperature (TA), which were assessed for aboveground biomass at the time of grain maturity (MT)
3%

 

 

Yun et al. (2012)

Seedlings of 30-day-old plants transplanted into temperature gradient field chambers and grown to physiological grain maturity at elevated outdoor temperature (TA + 3C), which were assessed for aboveground biomass at the time of panicle initiation (PI)
42%

 

 

Yun et al. (2012)

Seedlings of 30-day-old plants transplanted into temperature gradient field chambers and grown to physiological grain maturity at elevated outdoor temperature (TA + 3C), which were assessed for aboveground biomass at the time of full heading (FH)
34%

 

 

Yun et al. (2012)

Seedlings of 30-day-old plants transplanted into temperature gradient field chambers and grown to physiological grain maturity at elevated outdoor temperature (TA + 3C), which were assessed for aboveground biomass at the time of grain maturity (MT)
8%

 

 

Zeng et al. (2011)

Straw biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from transplants under standard paddy culture in a FACE study for 120 days after transplanting in competition with barnyard grass (Echinochloa crusgalli)
41%

 

 

Zeng et al. (2011)

Ear biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from transplants under standard paddy culture in a FACE study for 120 days after transplanting in competition with barnyard grass (Echinochloa crusgalli)
56%

 

 

Zheng et al. (2006)

Means of aboveground biomass at late tillering over three growing seasons for two varieties of plants grown under paddy culture in a FACE study in southeastern China
60%

 

 

Zheng et al. (2006)

Means of aboveground biomass at panicle initiation over three growing seasons for two varieties of plants grown under paddy culture in a FACE study in southeastern China
41%

 

 

Zheng et al. (2006)

Means of aboveground biomass at heading over three growing seasons for two varieties of plants grown under paddy culture in a FACE study in southeastern China
34%

 

 

Zheng et al. (2006)

Means of aboveground biomass at maturing over three growing seasons for two varieties of plants grown under paddy culture in a FACE study in southeastern China
24%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity at a low level of soil nitrogen (N) supply in Chinese FACE study
36%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2008)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity at an adequate level of soil nitrogen (N) supply in Chinese FACE study
50%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Panicle biomass of Koshihikari (KH, Japonica inbred) of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at normal ambient temperature (TA)
6%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Panicle biomass of Shan you 63 (SY, Indica hybrid) - of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at normal ambient temperature (TA)
20%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Panicle biomass of Koshihikari (KH, Japonica inbred) - of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at elevated temperature (TE = TA + 2C)
8%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Panicle biomass of Shan you 63 (SY, Indica hybrid) - of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at elevated temperature (TE = TA + 2C)
35%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Tiller biomass of Koshihikari (KH, Japonica inbred) of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at normal ambient temperature (TA)
13%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Tiller biomass of Shan you 63 (SY, Indica hybrid) - of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at normal ambient temperature (TA)
26%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Tiller biomass of Koshihikari (KH, Japonica inbred) - of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at elevated temperature (TE = TA + 2C)
8%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2013)

Tiller biomass of Shan you 63 (SY, Indica hybrid) - of well fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in standard paddy culture at elevated temperature (TE = TA + 2C)
28%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2014)

Cultivar S63 grown out-of-doors in a FACE facility located at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province, China
46%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2014)

Cultivar W14 grown out-of-doors in a FACE facility located at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province, China
22%

 

 

Ziska et al. (2010)

Aboveground tissue biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of cultivated rice (Clearfield, CL161) grown from seed to maturity in 40-cm-deep plastic bins filled with vermiculite and placed within controlled-environment chambers
37%

 

 

Ziska et al. (2010)

Seed yield biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of cultivated rice (Clearfield, CL161) grown from seed to maturity in 40-cm-deep plastic bins filled with vermiculite and placed within controlled-environment chambers
34%

 

 

Ziska et al. (2010)

Aboveground tissue biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of the weedy Stuttgart-S "red" variety of rice grown from seed to maturity in 40-cm-deep plastic bins filled with vermiculite and placed within controlled-environment chambers
116%

 

 

Ziska et al. (2010)

Seed yield biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of the weedy Stuttgart-S "red" variety of rice grown from seed to maturity in 40-cm-deep plastic bins filled with vermiculite and placed within controlled-environment chambers
186%

 

 

Ziska et al. (1996)

Mean total plant biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of 17 different cultivars grown from seed to maturity within glasshouses in 24-l pots filled with local soil at day/night temperatures of 29/21C
72%

 

 

Ziska et al. (1996)

Mean total plant biomass of well watered and fertilized plants of 17 different cultivars grown from seed to maturity within glasshouses in 24-l pots filled with local soil at day/night temperatures of 37/29C
24%

 

 

Ziska et al. (1997)

Total biomass of plants grown to maturity in open-top chambers in the Philippines for two consecutive years
40%

 

 

Ziska et al. (1997)

Grain yield of plants grown to maturity in open-top chambers in the Philippines for two consecutive years
27%

 

 

Ziska et al. (2014)

Mean harvested seed weight of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity (2 or 3 seeds of each of four different rice varieties in each of several 4.5-liter pots filled with vermiculite) within controlled environment chambers
61%

 

 

Ziska and Teramura (1992)

pots (20 liters)
33%

 

 

Ziska and Teramura (1992)

pots (20 liters, 2 plants)
19%

 

 

Zong et al. (2004)

Ear biomass of plants grown from seeding to harvest in pots in growth chambers at "low" levels of nitrogen nutrition
17%

 

 

Zong et al. (2004)

Ear biomass of plants grown from seeding to harvest in pots in growth chambers at "high" levels of nitrogen nutrition
20%

 

 

Printer Friendly Version