Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Hordeum vulagare L. [Barley]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
72
4
 
 Arithmetic Mean
41.7%
50.8%
 
 Standard Error
5%
16.4
 

Individual Experiment Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Clausen et al. (2011)

Biomass yield of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in 11-liter pots within controlled-environment chambers
54%

 

 

Fangmeier et al. (2000)

open-top chambers,low nitrogen (8g m-2)
39%

 

 

Fangmeier et al. (2000)

open-top chambers,high nitrogen (14g m-2)
57%

 

 

Haase et al. (2008)

Plants grown from seed for four weeks in nutrient solution with added nitrogen (+Fe)
61%

 

 

Haase et al. (2008)

Plants grown from seed for four weeks in nutrient solution without added nitrogen (-Fe)
39%

 

 

Hibberd et al. (1996)

controlled environment cabinets
75%

 

 

Ingvardsen and Veierskov (1994)

glasschambers inside a greenhouse
 

17%

 

Juknys et al. (2011)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed for 21 days after germination within controlled-environment chambers at a density of 25 plants per each of three 5-L pots per treatment filled with neutral (pH 6.0-6.5) peat substrate
26%

 

 

Lam et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to maturity (in pots containing an N-fertilized Vertosol soil extracted from the plough layer) within naturally-lighted glasshouse chambers at Horsham, Victoria, Australia
20%

 

 

Lam et al. (2013)

Total biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to maturity (in pots containing a non-N-fertilized Vertosol soil extracted from the plough layer) within naturally-lighted glasshouse chambers at Horsham, Victoria, Australia
9%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2009)

Grain yield biomass of winter barley FACE study crops growing in the field at Braunschweig, Germany, supplied with 50% of adequate soil nitrogen (N)
21%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2009)

Grain yield biomass of winter barley FACE study crops growing in the field at Braunschweig, Germany, supplied with adequate soil nitrogen (N)
22%

 

 

Mishra et al. (2012)

Biomass of 50-day-old seedlings subsequently grown for 30 additional days within a greenhouse via hydroponic techniques in 4-L plastic tubs with complete optimum-nutrient solutions, except for low (0 ÁM) concentrations of boron (B) present
26%

 

 

Mishra et al. (2012)

Biomass of 50-day-old seedlings subsequently grown for 30 additional days within a greenhouse via hydroponic techniques in 4-L plastic tubs with complete optimum-nutrient solutions, except for medium (30 ÁM) concentrations of boron (B) present
65%

 

 

Mishra et al. (2012)

Biomass of 50-day-old seedlings subsequently grown for 30 additional days within a greenhouse via hydroponic techniques in 4-L plastic tubs with complete optimum-nutrient solutions, except for high (1000 ÁM) concentrations of boron (B) present
76%

 

 

Morison and Gifford (1984)

pots (3.2 kg soil)
80%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013a)

Plants grown from seed in groups of six in 2.5-liter pots containing a 3:1 mix of perlite and vermiculite within controlled environment chambers for 28 days, while being watered every two days with 250 ml of Hoagland solution containing 80 mM NaCl
21%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013a)

Plants grown from seed in groups of six in 2.5-liter pots containing a 3:1 mix of perlite and vermiculite within controlled environment chambers for 28 days, while being watered every two days with 250 ml of Hoagland solution containing 160 mM NaCl
17%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013a)

Plants grown from seed in groups of six in 2.5-liter pots containing a 3:1 mix of perlite and vermiculite within controlled environment chambers for 28 days, while being watered every two days with 250 ml of Hoagland solution containing 240 mM NaCl
28%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2012)

Plants grown from seed in a 3:1 mixture of perlite:vermiculite within controlled-environment chambers, where they were watered with Hoagland solution every two days for 14 days, after which they were watered every two days for 14 more days with the same Hoagland solution supplemented with a 0 mM concentration of NaCl
15%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2012)

Plants grown from seed in a 3:1 mixture of perlite:vermiculite within controlled-environment chambers, where they were watered with Hoagland solution every two days for 14 days, after which they were watered every two days for 14 more days with the same Hoagland solution supplemented with an 80 mM concentration of NaCl
21%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2012)

Plants grown from seed in a 3:1 mixture of perlite:vermiculite within controlled-environment chambers, where they were watered with Hoagland solution every two days for 14 days, after which they were watered every two days for 14 more days with the same Hoagland solution supplemented with a 160 mM concentration of NaCl
22%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2012)

Plants grown from seed in a 3:1 mixture of perlite:vermiculite within controlled-environment chambers, where they were watered with Hoagland solution every two days for 14 days, after which they were watered every two days for 14 more days with the same Hoagland solution supplemented with a 240 mM concentration of NaCl
30%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013b)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed (six per each 2.5-L pot filled with a 3/1 mix of perlite/vermiculate) for days 14-28 after sowing at a soil salinity level of 0 mM
17%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013b)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed (six per each 2.5-L pot filled with a 3/1 mix of perlite/vermiculate) for days 14-28 after sowing at a soil salinity level of 80 mM
28%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013b)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed (six per each 2.5-L pot filled with a 3/1 mix of perlite/vermiculate) for days 14-28 after sowing at a soil salinity level of 160 mM
29%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2013b)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed (six per each 2.5-L pot filled with a 3/1 mix of perlite/vermiculate) for days 14-28 after sowing at a soil salinity level of 240 mM
29%

 

 

Perez-Lopez et al. (2014)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in a 3/1 v/v mixture of perlite/vermiculite for a period of 28 days within controlled-environment growth chambers
25%

 

 

Plessl et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for four weeks after emergence in containers located within controlled-environment chambers maintained at ambient O
15%

 

 

Plessl et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for four weeks after emergence in containers located within controlled-environment chambers maintained at twice-ambient O
42%

 

 

Plessl et al. (2005)

Root biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for four weeks after emergence in containers located within controlled-environment chambers maintained at ambient O
30%

 

 

Plessl et al. (2005)

Root biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for four weeks after emergence in containers located within controlled-environment chambers maintained at twice-ambient O
75%

 

 

Saebo and Mortensen (1996)

Plants grown from seed in 20-cm-deep boxes in field within open-top chambers in cool climate; total biomass
20%

 

 

Saebo and Mortensen (1996)

Plants grown from seed in 20-cm-deep boxes in field within open-top chambers in cool climate; grain yield
18%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Total plant biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
14%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Shoot biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
28%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Leaf biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
-21%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Stem biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
13%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Root biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
-15%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Grain biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
55%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Thousand grain weight at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
-13%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Harvest index of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Golden Promise
51%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Total plant biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
91%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Shoot biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
108%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Leaf biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
-11%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Stem biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
101%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Root biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
56%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Grain biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
265%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Thousand grain weight at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
101%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Harvest index of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Golden Promise
176%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Shoot biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
72%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Total plant biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
61%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Leaf biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
13%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Stem biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
44%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Root biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
24%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Grain biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
109%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Thousand grain weight at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
12%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Harvest index of well-watered and fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers; cv Bambina
50%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Total plant biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
38%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Shoot biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
52%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Leaf biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
15%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Stem biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
29%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Root biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
0%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Grain biomass at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
88%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Thousand grain weight at harvest (128 days after sowing) of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
-1%

 

 

Schmid et al. (2016)

Harvest index of well-fertilized plants grown in controlled environment chambers under a reduced (33% less) supply of water; cv Bambina
54%

 

 

Sicher (2005)

Shoot biomass of plants grown from seed for 17 days in controlled-environment chambers at inorganic phosphate sufficiency (1.0 mM)
 

28%

 

Sicher and Bunce (2008)

Well watered and fertilized wild-type (WT) plants of the Steptoe cultivar grown one to each 1.5-L pot of a 1:1 mixture of vermiculite and Promix Professional for 21 days in controlled-environment chambers
 

56%

 

Sicher and Bunce (2008)

Well watered and fertilized nar1 mutants of the Steptoe cultivar grown one to each 1.5-L pot of a 1:1 mixture of vermiculite and Promix Professional for 21 days in controlled-environment chambers
 

102%

 

Veisz et al. (2008)

Grain yield of Petra variety plants grown in a phytotron under well-watered conditions, where water was withheld from the 10th day after heading, during which time soil volumetric water content dropped from approximately 25% to 6%
38%

 

 

Veisz et al. (2008)

Grain yield of Petra variety plants grown in a phytotron under drought conditions, where water was withheld from the 10th day after heading, during which time soil volumetric water content dropped from approximately 25% to 6%
35%

 

 

Wang et al. (2013)

Five-day-old seedlings transferred to opaque 4.5-L cultivation units filled with an aerated nutrient solution containing 2 mM NO
27%

 

 

Wang et al. (2013)

Five-day-old seedlings transferred to opaque 4.5-L cultivation units filled with an aerated nutrient solution containing 1 mM NH
16%

 

 

Weigel et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to harvest in a FACE study with 100% of standard N application
14%

 

 

Weigel et al. (2005)

Aboveground biomass of well-watered plants grown from seed to harvest in a FACE study with 62% of standard N application
24%

 

 

Weigel and Manderscheid (2005)

Mean results of a number of experiments conducted at the Institute of Agroecology of the Federal Agricultural Research Centre, Braunschweig, Germany, over the period 1992-2000, in experimental settings ranging from controlled environment chambers to out-of-doors open-top chambers (OTCs) to free air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE)
34%

 

 

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