Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Glycine max (L.) Merr. [Soybean]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
192
26
3
 Arithmetic Mean
45.7%
70.4%
61%
 Standard Error
2.7%
7.6
11.3%

Individual Experiement Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Ackerson et al. (1984)

field, open-top chambers
 

 

38%

Allen et al. (1988)

soil bins, growth chambers
38%

62%

 

Allen et al. (1991)

soil bins, growth chambers
58%

61%

 

Amthor et al. (1994)

open-top chambers, seed
41%

 

 

Amthor et al. (1994)

open-top chambers, whole plant
36%

 

 

Baker et al. (1989)

soil bins, growth chambers, day/night 26/19C
41%

 

 

Baker et al. (1989)

soil bins, growth chambers, day/night 31/24C
22%

 

 

Baker et al. (1989)

soil bins, growth chambers, day/night 36/29C
14%

 

 

Bernacchi et al. (2007)

Seed yield biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity under standard field conditions for four complete growing seasons at the SoyFACE facility in central Illinois (USA) at a high (385 mm/season) total evapotranspiration (ET)
38%

 

 

Bernacchi et al. (2007)

Seed yield biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity under standard field conditions for four complete growing seasons at the SoyFACE facility in central Illinois (USA) at a modest (285 mm/season) total evapotranspiration (ET)
76%

 

 

Booker et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 54-62 DAP,charcoal-filtered air
38%

 

 

Booker et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 54-62 DAP,1.5 times ambient O3
50%

 

 

Booker et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 75-83 DAP,charcoal-filtered air
36%

 

 

Booker et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 75-83 DAP,1.5 times ambient O3
66%

 

 

Booker et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 97-106 DAP,charcoal-filtered air
28%

 

 

Booker et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 97-106 DAP,1.5 times ambient O3
94%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to low (24 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in the ground in open-top chambers in 1999
38%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to high (75 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in the ground in open-top chambers in 1999
45%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to low (24 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in large pots (15-L) in open-top chambers in 1999
10%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to high (75 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in large pots (15-L) in open-top chambers in 1999
51%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to low (24 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in the ground in open-top chambers in 2000
19%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to high (75 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in the ground in open-top chambers in 2000
68%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to low (24 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in large pots (21-L) in open-top chambers in 2000
22%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005a)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants, exposed to high (75 nmol O3/mol air) ozone concentrations, grown from seed sown in large pots (21-L) in open-top chambers in 2000
86%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005b)

Total plant residue biomass of plants grown in open-top field chambers
31%

 

 

Booker et al. (2005b)

Total plant residue biomass of plants grown in open-top field chambers with 1.5 times ambient O3
16%

 

 

Booker and Fiscus (2005)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in pots in open-top chambers at ambient ozone
22%

 

 

Booker and Fiscus (2005)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in pots in open-top chambers in the presence of 1.5 x ambient ozone
51%

 

 

Bunce (1995)

controlled environment chamber
16%

 

 

Bunce (2005a)

Leaf dry mass per unit area of plants grown in the field in open top chambers
20%

 

 

Bunce (2005b)

Seed yield biomass of well fertilized plants exposed to normal precipitation while being grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers continually flushed with ambient-CO2 air or with enriched-CO2 air for 14 hours per day (day only enrichment) for a total of four growing seasons
29%

 

 

Bunce (2005b)

Seed yield biomass of well fertilized plants exposed to normal precipitation while being grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors in open-top chambers continually flushed with ambient-CO2 air or with enriched-CO2 air for 24 hours per day (day + night enrichment) for a total of four growing seasons
52%

 

 

Bunce and Nasyrov (2012)

Stem biomass of seedlings grown to the two-leaf stage in 20-cm-diamerter pots - filled to a depth of 21 cm with a soil mixture containing a fertile silt loam soil, peat moss, and perlite in the ratio of 3:1:1 by volume - within controlled environment chambers under control (C) conditions
41%

 

 

Bunce and Nasyrov (2012)

Stem biomass of seedlings grown to the two-leaf stage in 20-cm-diamerter pots - filled to a depth of 21 cm with a soil mixture containing a fertile silt loam soil, peat moss, and perlite in the ratio of 3:1:1 by volume - within controlled environment chambers under water-stressed (WS) conditions
27%

 

 

Campbell et al. (1988)

soil bins, growth chambers
41%

 

 

Castillo et al. (1989)

soil bins, growth chambers
36%

39%

 

Cure et al. (1988a)

pots (8 liter) high nitrogen
40%

 

 

Cure et al. (1988a)

pots (8 liter), low nitrogen
38%

 

 

Cure et al. (1988b)

pots (8 liter), low phosphorus
24%

 

 

Cure et al. (1988b)

pots (8 liter), high phosphorus
51%

 

 

Cure et al. (1989)

pots (8 liter)
60%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (2001)

open-top chamber, cv. PK 472
38%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (2001)

open-top chamber, cv. PK 472, SO2 stressed
115%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (2001)

open-top chamber, cv. Bragg
49%

 

 

Deepak and Agrawal (2001)

open-top chamber, cv. Bragg, SO2 stressed
92%

 

 

Delucia et al. (1985)

pots (1 liter)
66%

106%

 

Dermody et al. (2008)

Three seasons of soybean yields produced at the SoyFACE facility in Illinois, USA
25%

 

 

Ferris et al. (1999)

glasshouse
36%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1993, ambient ozone, seed yield
4%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1993, ambient ozone, total biomass
43%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1993, 1.5 x ambient ozone, seed yield
68%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1993, 1.5 x ambient ozone, total biomass
67%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1994, ambient ozone, seed yield
2%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1994, ambient ozone, total biomass
35%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1994, 1.5 x ambient ozone, seed yield
52%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1994, 1.5 x ambient ozone, total biomass
74%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1995, ambient ozone, seed yield
-6%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, 1995, 1.5 x ambient ozone, seed yield
82%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (2007)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for one full growing season out-of-doors rooted in the ground and enclosed by open-top chambers
20%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (2007)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for one full growing season out-of-doors rooted in pots at equal plant densities per unit ground area and enclosed by open-top chambers
16%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (2007)

Stem biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for one full growing season out-of-doors rooted in the ground and enclosed by open-top chambers
38%

 

 

Fiscus et al. (2007)

Stem biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for one full growing season out-of-doors rooted in pots at equal plant densities per unit ground area and enclosed by open-top chambers
38%

 

 

Griffin et al. (1999)

controlled growth chambers
 

94%

 

Hao et al. (2014)

Seed yield biomass of plants grown out-of-doors at the China Mini-FACE facility near Changping, Beijing under normal field conditions in 2009, as part of a wheat/soybean rotation
58%

 

 

Hao et al. (2014)

Seed yield biomass of plants grown out-of-doors at the China Mini-FACE facility near Changping, Beijing under normal field conditions in 2011, as part of a wheat/soybean rotation
69%

 

 

Havelka et al. (1984a)

field, open-top chambers
 

 

59%

Havelka et al. (1984b)

field, open-top chambers
 

 

86%

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1993, Essex cultivar, low ozone,
4%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1993, Essex cultivar, medium ozone
22%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1993, Essex cultivar, high ozone
68%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994, Essex cultivar, low ozone
25%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994, Essex cultivar, medium ozone
20%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994, Essex cultivar, high ozone
70%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994, Holladay cultivar, low ozone
33%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994, Holladay cultivar, medium ozone
71%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994, Holladay cultivar, high ozone
80%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994,NK-6955 cultivar, low ozone
6%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994,NK-6955 cultivar, medium ozone
6%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1998)

open-top chambers, seed weight, 1994,NK-6955 cultivar, high ozone
33%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1999)

open-top chambers, plants in the ground
30%

 

 

Heagle et al. (1999)

open-top chambers, plants in pots
32%

 

 

Heinemann et al. (2006)

Seed biomass of well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in controlled environment chambers at a day/night temperature of 20/15C
9%

 

 

Heinemann et al. (2006)

Seed biomass of well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in pots in controlled environment chambers at a day/night temperature of 30/25C
8%

 

 

Hrubec et al. (1985)

pots (15-cm), growth chambers
 

33%

 

Huber et al. (1984)

field
84%

 

 

Huber et al. (1984)

field
67%

 

 

Idso et al. (1987)

field, moderate temperature
100%

 

 

Idso et al. (1987)

field, high temperature
160%

 

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at low light (27 lux) and at low day/night temperatures (23/20C)
 

42%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at low light (27 lux) and at high day/night temperatures (28/23C)
 

62%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at high light (48 lux) and at low day/night temperatures (23/20C)
 

50%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at high light (48 lux) and at high day/night temperatures (28/23C)
 

74%

 

Jones et al. (1984)

soil bins, growth chambers
40%

61%

 

Juknys et al. (2011)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed for 21 days after germination within controlled-environment chambers at a density of 25 plants per each of three 5-L pots per treatment filled with neutral (pH 6.0-6.5) peat substrate
21%

 

 

Kanemoto et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown to the grain-filling stage in pots within a glasshouse and then transferred for six additional days to growth cabinets maintained at different air CO2 concentrations
 

110%

 

Kim et al. (2005)

Total biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots of sandy loam soil placed within controlled environment chambers maintained at ambient temperature with no added nitrogen
99%

 

 

Kim et al. (2005)

Total biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots of sandy loam soil placed within controlled environment chambers maintained at ambient temperature and with an extra 40 kg N/ha
109%

 

 

Kim et al. (2005)

Total biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots of sandy loam soil placed within controlled environment chambers maintained at elevated temperature (Ambient + 5C) with no added nitrogen
61%

 

 

Kim et al. (2005)

Total biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity in pots of sandy loam soil placed within controlled environment chambers maintained at elevated temperature (Ambient + 5C) and with an extra 40 kg N/ha
70%

 

 

Koti et al. (2007)

Average biomass of six different genotypes grown from seed to maturity in 2.5-L pots in Soil-Plant-Atmosphere-Research (SPAR) units under well watered and fertilized conditions
18%

 

 

Koti et al. (2007)

Greatest genotype responder of six different genotypes grown from seed to maturity in 2.5-L pots in Soil-Plant-Atmosphere-Research (SPAR) units under well watered and fertilized conditions
35%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012)

Above-ground biomass of adequately fertilized and irrigated plants of a high-protein cultivar (Zhonghuang 13) grown from seed to maturity at a FACE facility in Changping, Beijing, China
41%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012)

Below-ground biomass of adequately fertilized and irrigated plants of a high-protein cultivar (Zhonghuang 13) grown from seed to maturity at a FACE facility in Changping, Beijing, China
25%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012)

Above-ground biomass of adequately fertilized and irrigated plants of a high-protein cultivar (Zhonghuang 35) grown from seed to maturity at a FACE facility in Changping, Beijing, China
35%

 

 

Lam et al. (2012)

Below-ground biomass of adequately fertilized and irrigated plants of a high-protein cultivar (Zhonghuang 35) grown from seed to maturity at a FACE facility in Changping, Beijing, China
44%

 

 

Lee et al. (1997)

open-top chambers
27%

 

 

Lee et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, low SO2
65%

 

 

Lee et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, high SO2
2%

 

 

Lincoln et al. (1984)

greenhouse, growth chambers
19%

 

 

Matsunami et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots within temperature-gradient chambers at elevated (ambient +4.5C) air temperature (T), measured at 35 days after sowing (DAS); cv. Enrei
44%

 

 

Matsunami et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots within temperature-gradient chambers at elevated (ambient +4.5C) air temperature (T), measured at 69 days after sowing (DAS); cv. Enrei
29%

 

 

Matsunami et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots within temperature-gradient chambers at elevated (ambient +4.5C) air temperature (T), measured at 35 days after sowing (DAS); cv. Kanto 100
26%

 

 

Matsunami et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots within temperature-gradient chambers at elevated (ambient +4.5C) air temperature (T), measured at 69 days after sowing (DAS); cv. Kanto 100
32%

 

 

Matsunami et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots within temperature-gradient chambers at elevated (ambient +4.5C) air temperature (T), measured at 35 days after sowing (DAS); cv. En1282
38%

 

 

Matsunami et al. (2009)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots within temperature-gradient chambers at elevated (ambient +4.5C) air temperature (T), measured at 69 days after sowing (DAS); cv. En1282
-6%

 

 

Miglietta et al. (1993)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in pots with 10 dm3 soil near a CO2-emitting spring
85%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, low ozone,15 days after planting
30%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, medium ozone,15 days after planting
20%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, high ozone,15 days after planting
27%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, low ozone,43 days after planting
47%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, medium ozone,43 days after planting
63%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, high ozone,43 days after planting
65%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, low ozone,57 days after planting
55%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, medium ozone,57 days after planting
80%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, high ozone,57 days after planting
89%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, low ozone,113 days after planting
42%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, medium ozone,113 days after planting
48%

 

 

Miller et al. (1998)

open top chamber, high ozone,113 days after planting
66%

 

 

Miyagi et al. (2007)

N-fixing root nodule biomass of well watered and fertilized plants (legumes) grown from seed to maturity in 4-liter pots filled with sand out-of-doors in open-top chambers
124%

 

 

Miyagi et al. (2007)

Seed or grain yield biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in 4-liter pots filled with sand out-of-doors in open-top chambers
70%

 

 

Miyagi et al. (2007)

Whole plant biomass (at flowering) of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in 4-liter pots filled with sand out-of-doors in open-top chambers to the time of their natural death
16%

 

 

Miyagi et al. (2007)

Whole plant biomass (at time of death) of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in 4-liter pots filled with sand out-of-doors in open-top chambers to the time of their natural death
52%

 

 

Morgan et al. (2005)

Plants grown for three different years under normal field conditions and agricultural practices at Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA, in a FACE study where CO2 was supplied from sunrise to sunset: seed yield
25%

 

 

Morison and Gifford (1984)

pots (3.2 kg soil)
4%

 

 

Nakamoto et al. (2004)

First year seed biomass of well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots in growth chambers
11%

 

 

Nakamoto et al. (2004)

Second year seed biomass of well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in pots in growth chambers
22%

 

 

Nakamura et al. (1999)

growth cabinets, nodulated plants,no nitrogen
38%

 

 

Nakamura et al. (1999)

growth cabinets, nodulated plants,elevated nitrogen
77%

 

 

Nakamura et al. (1999)

growth cabinets, non-nodulated plants,no nitrogen
6%

 

 

Nakamura et al. (1999)

growth cabinets, non-nodulated plants,elevated nitrogen
50%

 

 

Oikawa et al. (2010)

Stem biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one to each 4-L pot filled with soil collected from a rice paddy -- within temperature-controlled greenhouse chambers
37%

 

 

Oikawa et al. (2010)

Root biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one to each 4-L pot filled with soil collected from a rice paddy -- within temperature-controlled greenhouse chambers
40%

 

 

Oikawa et al. (2010)

Pod biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one to each 4-L pot filled with soil collected from a rice paddy -- within temperature-controlled greenhouse chambers
47%

 

 

Oikawa et al. (2010)

Seed biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one to each 4-L pot filled with soil collected from a rice paddy -- within temperature-controlled greenhouse chambers
52%

 

 

Oikawa et al. (2010)

Nodule biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one to each 4-L pot filled with soil collected from a rice paddy -- within temperature-controlled greenhouse chambers
55%

 

 

Patterson et al. (1984)

pots (0.75 liter), growth chambers
39%

 

 

Peet (1984)

pots
 

23%

 

Prevost et al. (2010)

Shoot biomass of plants (cultivar Lotus) grown from seed for six weeks in pots filled with a sandy loam soil, watered and fertilized as per standard procedures, and inoculated with a "reference strain" of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum widely used in commercial operations in Canada (532c)
16%

 

 

Prevost et al. (2010)

Root nodule biomass of plants (cultivar Lotus) grown from seed for six weeks in pots filled with a sandy loam soil, watered and fertilized as per standard procedures, and inoculated with a "reference strain" of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum widely used in commercial operations in Canada (532c)
36%

 

 

Prevost et al. (2010)

Shoot biomass of plants (cultivar Lotus) grown from seed for six weeks in pots filled with a sandy loam soil, watered and fertilized as per standard procedures, and inoculated with a strain of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum indigenous to soils of Quebec, Canada (12NS14)
32%

 

 

Prevost et al. (2010)

Root nodule biomass of plants (cultivar Lotus) grown from seed for six weeks in pots filled with a sandy loam soil, watered and fertilized as per standard procedures, and inoculated with a strain of the nitrogen-fixing bacteria Bradyrhizobium japonicum indigenous to soils of Quebec, Canada (12NS14)
75%

 

 

Prior et al. (2005)

Plants grown from seed to maturity for two cropping cycles within open-top chambers constructed upon 7-m x 76-m x 2-m-deep soil bins filled with a reconstructed Decatur silt loam; first cropping cycle
39%

 

 

Prior et al. (2005)

Grain yield of plants grown from seed to maturity for two cropping cycles within open-top chambers constructed upon 7-m x 76-m x 2-m-deep soil bins filled with a reconstructed Decatur silt loam; second cropping cycle
51%

 

 

Prior et al. (2005)

Residue biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity for two cropping cycles within open-top chambers constructed upon 7-m x 76-m x 2-m-deep soil bins filled with a reconstructed Decatur silt loam; two cropping cycle
48%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1989)

bins, growth chambers, total seasonal CO2 fixation
21%

69%

 

Rogers et al. (1983)

pots (15.5 liter), field, open-top chambers
42%

96%

 

Rogers et al. (1983)

pots (16.5 liter), field, open-top chambers
79%

86%

 

Rogers et al. (1984)

pots (16.5 liter)
31%

40%

 

Rogers et al. (1986)

field, water-stressed
35%

 

 

Rogers et al. (1986)

field, well-watered
0%

 

 

Rogers et al. (2006)

Plants grown for two entire seasons without nitrogen (N) fertilization from germination to final senescence under normal climatic conditions at the SoyFACE facility in Champaign, Illinois, USA
26%

 

 

Serraj et al. (1999)

Grown from seed in 10-cm diameter x 30-cm deep pots in glasshouses for two weeks; Well-watered
6%

 

 

Serraj et al. (1999)

Grown from seed in 10-cm diameter x 30-cm deep pots in glasshouses for two weeks; Well-watered
9%

 

 

Serraj et al. (1999)

Grown from seed in 10-cm diameter x 30-cm deep pots in glasshouses for two weeks; Water-stressed
32%

 

 

Serraj et al. (1999)

Grown from seed in 10-cm diameter x 30-cm deep pots in glasshouses for two weeks; Water-stressed
26%

 

 

Serraj and Sinclair (2003)

glasshouse, hydroponics, shoot,0 mM ureide
16%

 

 

Serraj and Sinclair (2003)

glasshouse, hydroponics, shoot,5 mM ureide
1%

 

 

Serraj and Sinclair (2003)

glasshouse, hydroponics, shoot,10 mM ureide
31%

 

 

Serraj and Sinclair (2003)

glasshouse, hydroponics, root,0 mM ureide
-7%

 

 

Serraj and Sinclair (2003)

glasshouse, hydroponics, root,5 mM ureide
12%

 

 

Serraj and Sinclair (2003)

glasshouse, hydroponics, root,10 mM ureide
15%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2012)

Above-ground biomass of two-week-old plants grown from seed for two additional weeks at Tsukuba (Japan), one to each 4-L pot, in soil inoculated with Rhizobium within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers under normal moisture (NM) conditions
26%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2012)

Above-ground biomass of two-week-old plants grown from seed for two additional weeks at Tsukuba (Japan), one to each 4-L pot, in soil inoculated with Rhizobium within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers under water-logged (WL) conditions
24%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2012)

Root biomass of two-week-old plants grown from seed for two additional weeks at Tsukuba (Japan), one to each 4-L pot, in soil inoculated with Rhizobium within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers under normal moisture (NM) conditions
23%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2012)

Root biomass of two-week-old plants grown from seed for two additional weeks at Tsukuba (Japan), one to each 4-L pot, in soil inoculated with Rhizobium within sunlit temperature-gradient chambers under water-logged (WL) conditions
22%

 

 

Sicher et al. (2010)

Well watered and fertilized plants of a dwarf (MiniMax) variety grown from seed to maturity within controlled-environment chambers in pots filled with vermiculite
 

46%

 

Sicher et al. (2010)

Well watered and fertilized plants of a normal-sized (Fiskeby) variety grown from seed to maturity within controlled-environment chambers in pots filled with vermiculite
 

193%

 

Sionit (1983)

pots (5 liter), low nutrient
93%

 

 

Sionit (1983)

pots (5 liter), high nutrient
114%

 

 

Sionit et al. (1987a)

pots (3.5 liter), air temperature 15C
65%

130%

 

Sionit et al. (1987a)

pots (3.5 liter), air temperature 19C
35%

55%

 

Sionit et al. (1987a)

pots (3.5 liter), air temperature 23C
53%

123%

 

Sionit et al. (1987b)

pots (3.5 liter), air temperature 15C
0%

0%

 

Sionit et al. (1987b)

pots (3.5 liter), air temperature 19C
5%

55%

 

Sionit et al. (1987b)

pots (3.5 liter), air temperature 23C
42%

45%

 

Teramura et al. (1990)

pots (0.5 liter to 20 liter)
29%

 

 

Torbert et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed to physiological maturity in 1992, 1993 and 1994 within open-top chambers resting upon huge soil bins in which the plants were rooted; mean whole plant biomass of all three years
34%

 

 

Vu et al. (1988)

pots (10-cm), growth chambers
46%

75%

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liters), 24 mM NO3-
111%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liters), 12 mM NO3-
229%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liters), 4 mM NO3-
144%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liters), 0.06 mM NO3-
89%

 

 

Ziska (1998)

controlled environment, temperature 25C
30%

 

 

Ziska (1998)

controlled environment, temperature 30C
35%

 

 

Ziska (2010)

Total biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity over three sequential years in partially (one-third) open-top chambers in the field near Beltsville, Maryland, USA, with no tillage and 100% weed control
32%

 

 

Ziska (2010)

Seed yield of plants grown from seed to maturity over three sequential years in partially (one-third) open-top chambers in the field near Beltsville, Maryland, USA, with no tillage and 100% weed control (range of yield was 18 to 42% increase)
30%

 

 

Ziska and Bunce (2000)

modified open-top chambers, Spencer cultivar
132%

 

 

Ziska and Bunce (2000)

modified open-top chambers, Spencer cultivar, yield
60%

 

 

Ziska and Bunce (2000)

modified open-top chambers, Ripley cultivar
65%

 

 

Ziska and Bunce (2000)

modified open-top chambers, Ripley cultivar, yield
35%

 

 

Ziska and Goins (2006)

Seed biomass of genetically modified (Round-up Ready) soybean plants grown in the field within aluminum chambers for two full growing seasons under conditions - both environmental and managerial, including herbicide (glyphosate) application - that led to a variety of different weed densities (gm-2) developing among the soybean plants, including 0 gm-2
30%

 

 

Ziska and Goins (2006)

Seed biomass of genetically modified (Round-up Ready) soybean plants grown in the field within aluminum chambers for two full growing seasons under conditions - both environmental and managerial, including herbicide (glyphosate) application - that led to a variety of different weed densities (gm-2) developing among the soybean plants, including 200 gm-2
40%

 

 

Ziska and Goins (2006)

Seed biomass of genetically modified (Round-up Ready) soybean plants grown in the field within aluminum chambers for two full growing seasons under conditions - both environmental and managerial, including herbicide (glyphosate) application - that led to a variety of different weed densities (gm-2) developing among the soybean plants, including 400 gm-2
60%

 

 

Ziska and Goins (2006)

Seed biomass of genetically modified (Round-up Ready) soybean plants grown in the field within aluminum chambers for two full growing seasons under conditions - both environmental and managerial, including herbicide (glyphosate) application - that led to a variety of different weed densities (gm-2) developing among the soybean plants, including 600 gm-2
100%

 

 

Ziska and Goins (2006)

Seed biomass of genetically modified (Round-up Ready) soybean plants grown in the field within aluminum chambers for two full growing seasons under conditions - both environmental and managerial, including herbicide (glyphosate) application - that led to a variety of different weed densities (gm-2) developing among the soybean plants, including 800 gm-2
300%

 

 

Printer Friendly Version