Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Betula papyrifera Marsh. [Paper Birch]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
37
 
 
 Arithmetic Mean
66.7%
 
 
 Standard Error
11.2%
 
 

Individual Experiment Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at low water content (30-40% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at low soil temperatures (T = 5C for the first month and 7C for the second month)
42%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at low water content (30-40% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at medium soil temperatures (T = 15C for the first month and 17C for the second month)
180%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at low water content (30-40% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at high soil temperatures (T = 25C for the first month and 27C for the second month)
74%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at medium water content (45-55% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at low soil temperatures (T = 5C for the first month and 7C for the second month)
42%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at medium water content (45-55% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at medium soil temperatures (T = 15C for the first month and 17C for the second month)
87%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at medium water content (45-55% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at high soil temperatures (T = 25C for the first month and 27C for the second month)
26%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at high water content (60-70% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at low soil temperatures (T = 5C for the first month and 7C for the second month)
0%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at high water content (60-70% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at medium soil temperatures (T = 15C for the first month and 17C for the second month)
73%

 

 

Ambebe and Dang (2010)

Total biomass of eight-week-old plants grown in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat and vermiculite at high water content (60-70% of field capacity) within CO2-controlled greenhouses at high soil temperatures (T = 25C for the first month and 27C for the second month)
4%

 

 

Bazzaz et al. (1990)

1-L pots in a greenhouse
29%

 

 

Berntson and Bazzaz (1996)

glasshouse
43%

 

 

Cao et al. (2008)

Well watered six-week-old seedlings subsequently grown for 90 more days in a 1:1 peat:vermiculite mixture in PVC containers (21 cm high x 20.8 cm in top diameter) at a soil nitrogen (N) level of: 10 mg N/L
54%

 

 

Cao et al. (2008)

Well watered six-week-old seedlings subsequently grown for 90 more days in a 1:1 peat:vermiculite mixture in PVC containers (21 cm high x 20.8 cm in top diameter) at a soil nitrogen (N) level of: 80 mg N/L
39%

 

 

Cao et al. (2008)

Well watered six-week-old seedlings subsequently grown for 90 more days in a 1:1 peat:vermiculite mixture in PVC containers (21 cm high x 20.8 cm in top diameter) at a soil nitrogen (N) level of: 150 mg N/L
64%

 

 

Cao et al. (2008)

Well watered six-week-old seedlings subsequently grown for 90 more days in a 1:1 peat:vermiculite mixture in PVC containers (21 cm high x 20.8 cm in top diameter) at a soil nitrogen (N) level of: 220 mg N/L
54%

 

 

Cao et al. (2008)

Well watered six-week-old seedlings subsequently grown for 90 more days in a 1:1 peat:vermiculite mixture in PVC containers (21 cm high x 20.8 cm in top diameter) at a soil nitrogen (N) level of: 290 mg N/L
80%

 

 

Catovsky and Bazzaz (1999)

glasshouse, wet
23%

 

 

Catovsky and Bazzaz (1999)

glasshouse, intermediate
45%

 

 

Catovsky and Bazzaz (1999)

glasshouse, dry
123%

 

 

Darbah et al. (2007)

Plants grown for four months from seeds harvested from young trees that had grown for several years in ambient and CO2-enriched air at the Rhinelander, Wisconsin (USA) FACE facility
41%

 

 

Darbah et al. (2008)

Number of male flowers (roughly equivalent to male flower biomass) produced by trees that had grown in ambient and CO2-enriched air for eight years at the Aspen FACE facility in Rhinelander, Wisconsin (USA)
390%

 

 

Darbah et al. (2008)

Number of male flowers (roughly equivalent to male flower biomass) produced by trees that had grown in ambient and CO2-enriched air for nine years at the Aspen FACE facility in Rhinelander, Wisconsin (USA)
150%

 

 

Darbah et al. (2008)

Well watered plants grown for five months in pots in a greenhouse (filled with ambient air) from seed produced in ambient air and CO2-enriched air
103%

 

 

Godbold et al. (1997)

glasshouse, roots
17%

 

 

Godbold et al. (1997)

glasshouse, whole plant
11%

 

 

Mattson et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed for two 140-day growing seasons in well-watered and fertilized pots (6-L first season, 16-L second season) placed within FACE rings
115%

 

 

Mattson et al. (2005)

Total plant biomass of well watered and fertilized one-year-old seedlings grown for a second season out-of-doors in 6-liter pots within the FACE II facility near Rhinelander, Wisconsin, USA
38%

 

 

Parsons et al. (2003)

2-yr-old seedlings in 16-L pots in a glasshouse for four months
55%

 

 

Tjoelker et al. (1998)

Average results of seedlings grown for three months in controlled environment chambers at day/night temperatures ranging from 21/15 to 30/24?C
120%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2006)

Plants grown from seed for 3.5 months within greenhouses in pots containing 1:1 mixtures of peat moss and vermiculite under a high nutrient regime (100 ppm N, 44 ppm P, 83 ppm K)
41%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2006)

Plants grown from seed for 3.5 months within greenhouses in pots containing 1:1 mixtures of peat moss and vermiculite under a low nutrient regime (10 ppm N, 4.4 ppm P, 8.3 ppm K)
9%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2013)

Leaf biomass of new fully-expanded 4th or 5th leaves from the top of 3-month old seedlings growing in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat moss and vermiculite maintained at low (L) nutrient levels located within four identical greenhouses
28%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2013)

Leaf biomass of new fully-expanded 4th or 5th leaves from the top of 3-month old seedlings growing in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat moss and vermiculite maintained at high (H = 10 L) nutrient levels located within four identical greenhouses
37%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2013)

Root biomass of new fully-expanded 4th or 5th leaves from the top of 3-month old seedlings growing in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat moss and vermiculite maintained at low (L) nutrient levels located within four identical greenhouses
37%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2013)

Root biomass of new fully-expanded 4th or 5th leaves from the top of 3-month old seedlings growing in pots containing a 1:1 mix of peat moss and vermiculite maintained at high (H = 10 L) nutrient levels located within four identical greenhouses
98%

 

 

Zhang and Dang (2007)

Well watered and fertilized one-year-old seedlings grown one to a pot (13.5 cm high, 11 cm diameter) filled with a 1:1 mixture of peat moss and vermiculite for four months (March-June) in greenhouses at low (7-10?C) soil temperatures
90%

 

 

Zhang and Dang (2007)

Well watered and fertilized one-year-old seedlings grown one to a pot (13.5 cm high, 11 cm diameter) filled with a 1:1 mixture of peat moss and vermiculite for four months (March-June) in greenhouses at high (27-30?C) soil temperatures
5%

 

 

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