Photosynthesis (Net CO2 Exchange Rate) References
Populus euramericana [Robusta Poplar]

Bernacchi, C.J., Calfapietra, C., Davey, P.A., Wittig, V.E., Scarascia-Mugnozza, G.E., Raines, C.A. and Long, S.P. 2003. Photosynthesis and stomatal conductance responses of poplars to free-air CO2 enrichment (PopFACE) during the first growth cycle and immediately following coppice. New Phytologist 159: 609-621.

Bosac, C., Gardner, S.D.L., Taylor, G. and Wilkins, D. 1995. Elevated CO2 and hybrid poplar: a detailed investigation of root and shoot growth and physiology of Populus euramericana, 'Primo'. 1995. Forest Ecology and Management 74: 103-116.

Calfapietra, C., Tulva, I., Eensalu, E., Perez, M., De Angelis, P., Scarascia-Mugnozza, G. and Kull, O. 2005. Canopy profiles of photosynthetic parameters under elevated CO2 and N fertilization in a poplar plantation. Environmental Pollution 137: 525-535.

Centritto, M., Nascetti, P., Petrilli, L., Raschi, A. and Loreto, F. 2004. Profiles of isoprene emission and photosynthetic parameters in hybrid poplars exposed to free-air CO2 enrichment. Plant, Cell and Environment 27: 403-412.

Curtis, P.S., Vogel, C.S., Pregitzer, K.S., Zak, D.R., and Teeri, J.A. 1995. Interacting effects of soil fertility and atmospheric CO2 on leaf area growth and carbon gain physiology in Populus x euramericana (Dode) Guinier. New Phytologist 129: 253-263.

Davey, P.A., Olcer, H., Zakhleniuk, O., Bernacchi, C.J., Calfapietra, C., Long, S.P. and Raines, C.A. 2006. Can fast-growing plantation trees escape biochemical down-regulation of photosynthesis when grown throughout their complete production cycle in the open air under elevated carbon dioxide? Plant, Cell and Environment 29: 1235-1244.

Gaudillere, J.P. and Mousseau, M. 1989. Short term effect of CO2 enrichment on leaf development and gas exchange of young poplars (Populus euramericana cv I 214). Acta Oecologica-Oecologia Plantarum 10: 95-105.

Guo, B., Dai, S., Wang, R., Guo, J., Ding, Y. and Xu, Y. 2015. Combined effects of elevated CO2 and Cd-contaminated soil on the growth, gas exchange, antioxidant defense, and Cd accumulation of poplars and willows. Environmental and Experimental Botany 115: 1-10.

Wang, R., Dai, S., Tang, S., Tian, S., Song, Z., Deng, X., Ding, Y., Zou, X., Zhao, Y. and Smith, D.L. 2012. Growth, gas exchange, root morphology and cadmium uptake responses of poplars and willows grown on cadmium-contaminated soil to elevated CO2. Environmental Earth Sciences 67: 1-13.

Wittig, V.E., Bernacchi, C.J., Zhu, X.-G., Calfapietra, C., Ceulemans, R., DeAngelis, P., Gielens, B., Miglietta, F., Morgan, P.B. and Long, S.P. 2005. Gross primary production is stimulated for three Populus species grown under free-air CO2 enrichment from planting through canopy closure. Global Change Biology 33: 644-656.

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