Percent Photosynthesis (Net CO2 Exchange Rate) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Oryza sativa L. [Rice]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
79
10
1
 Arithmetic Mean
46.8%
66%
56%
 Standard Error
4.8%
9.6
0%

Individual Experiment Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Anten et al. (2003)

Plants grown from seedling stage for 76 days in FACE arrays under a standard nitrogen treatment of 9 g N m-2
36%

 

 

Anten et al. (2003)

Plants grown from seedling stage for 76 days in FACE arrays under a high nitrogen treatment of 15 g N m-2
49%

 

 

Baker et al. (1990)

vats, growth chambers
22%

68%

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under flooded conditions; 52 days after planting
18%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under flooded conditions; 75 days after planting
19%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under drought conditions at panicle initiation; 75 days after planting
303%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under flooded conditions; 86 days after planting
23%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under drought conditions at panicle initiation; 86 days after planting
21%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under flooded conditions; 122 days after planting
37%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under drought conditions at panicle initiation, then reflooded; 122 days after planting
27%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under under drought conditions at anthesis, then reflooded; 122 days after planting
43%

 

 

Baker et al. (1997)

Plants grown to maturity in naturally sunlit, plant growth chambers under drought conditions at panicle initiation and anthesis, then reflooded; 122 days after planting
34%

 

 

Bokhari et al. (2007)

Photosynthesis of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for ten days in plastic containers in a controlled-environment chamber with 380 ppm CO2, after which they were successively grown for one additional day at 2x the ambient CO2 concentration
38%

 

 

Bokhari et al. (2007)

Photosynthesis of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for ten days in plastic containers in a controlled-environment chamber with 380 ppm CO2, after which they were successively grown for one additional day at 3x the ambient CO2 concentration
 

54%

 

Bokhari et al. (2007)

Photosynthesis of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for ten days in plastic containers in a controlled-environment chamber with 380 ppm CO2, after which they were successively grown for one additional day at 4x the ambient CO2 concentration
 

 

56%

Chen et al. (2005)

FACE study conducted in China (31.62°N, 120.46°E) under standard paddy conditions; photosynthesis at tillering
39%

 

 

Chen et al. (2005)

FACE study conducted in China (31.62°N, 120.46°E) under standard paddy conditions; photosynthesis at heading
28%

 

 

Chen et al. (2005)

FACE study conducted in China (31.62°N, 120.46°E) under standard paddy conditions; photosynthesis at grain filling
0%

 

 

De Costa et al. (1990)

3-month growing season in open-top chambers; maha season (Jan-Mar)
94%

 

 

De Costa et al. (1990)

3-month growing season in open-top chambers; yala season (May-Aug)
42%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2003)

Grown to maturity in the field in Sri Lanka in the maha season (January to March) in open-top chambers
94%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2003)

Grown to maturity in the field in Sri Lanka in the yala season (May to August) in open-top chambers
42%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2007)

Photosynthesis of 16 different genotypes of rice grown in open-top chambers under standard lowland paddy culture with adequate water and nutrients at the Rice Research and Development Institute in Sri Lanka from May to August (yala season)
3 to +278%

 

 

De Costa et al. (2007)

Photosynthesis of 16 different genotypes of rice grown in open-top chambers under standard lowland paddy culture with adequate water and nutrients at the Rice Research and Development Institute in Sri Lanka from November to March (maha season)
33 to +480%

 

 

Gesch et al. (1998)

SPAR units
43%

 

 

Haque et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis at flowering from transplanted seedlings grown to maturity under standard field conditions in open-top chambers in Bangladesh
83%

 

 

Haque et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis at early-maturity from transplanted seedlings grown to maturity under standard field conditions in open-top chambers in Bangladesh
83%

 

 

Haque et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis at mid-maturity from transplanted seedlings grown to maturity under standard field conditions in open-top chambers in Bangladesh
80%

 

 

Haque et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis at maturity from transplanted seedlings grown to maturity under standard field conditions in open-top chambers in Bangladesh
60%

 

 

Imai and Kobori (2008)

Photosynthesis of sufficiently watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for 11 days in pots in a growth cabinet and subsequently grown under submerged conditions until the sixth leaves were fully expanded, after which they were exposed for 3 hours to ozone (O3) concentrations of 0 ppb
11%

 

 

Imai and Kobori (2008)

Photosynthesis of sufficiently watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for 11 days in pots in a growth cabinet and subsequently grown under submerged conditions until the sixth leaves were fully expanded, after which they were exposed for 3 hours to ozone (O3) concentrations of 100 ppb
18%

 

 

Imai and Kobori (2008)

Photosynthesis of sufficiently watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for 11 days in pots in a growth cabinet and subsequently grown under submerged conditions until the sixth leaves were fully expanded, after which they were exposed for 3 hours to ozone (O3) concentrations of 300 ppb
75%

 

 

Li et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of the sixth and most-recently fully-expanded leaves of hydroponically-grown plants in nutrient solutions located within controlled-environment chambers
13%

 

 

Lin et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, vegetative period, ambient temperature
53%

 

 

Lin et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, vegetative period, elevated temperature
62%

 

 

Lin et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, postflowering period, ambient temperature
57%

 

 

Lin et al. (1997)

open-top chambers, postflowering period, elevated temperature
28%

 

 

Morison and Gifford (1983)

pots (3 liter)
37%

 

 

Ono et al. (1983)

Seedlings grown hydroponically in nutrient solution in growth chambers; cv. Nipponbare (wild type)
 

23%

 

Ono et al. (1983)

Seedlings grown hydroponically in nutrient solution in growth chambers; cv. Nipponbare (wild type)
 

 

 

Ono et al. (1983)

Seedlings grown hydroponically in nutrient solution in growth chambers; cv. Nipponbare (transgenic: H54-9)
 

41%

 

Ono et al. (1983)

Seedlings grown hydroponically in nutrient solution in growth chambers; cv. Nipponbare (transgenic: H54-9)
 

 

 

Ono et al. (1983)

Seedlings grown hydroponically in nutrient solution in growth chambers; cv. Nipponbare (transgenic: H69-7)
 

27%

 

Rowland-Bamford et al. (1991)

bins, growth chamber
8%

 

 

Roy et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of a well-fertilized tropical rice cultivar (cv. Naveen) grown for three years out-of-doors within open-top chambers under fully flooded field conditions
75%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005)

Plants grown as per standard farming practices at the Japanese Rice FACE Project; at mid-tillering
36%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005)

Plants grown as per standard farming practices at the Japanese Rice FACE Project; at pre-heading
90%

 

 

Sasaki et al. (2005)

Plants grown as per standard farming practices at the Japanese Rice FACE Project; at grain-filling
39%

 

 

Schrope et al. (1999)

Plants grown for a typical "ratooned" growing season in 60-cm-deep vats within Temperature Gradient Chambers in greenhouses; cv. Lemont
98%

 

 

Schrope et al. (1999)

Plants grown for a typical "ratooned" growing season in 60-cm-deep vats within Temperature Gradient Chambers in greenhouses; cv. IR-72
165%

 

 

Seneweera et al. (2011)

Photosynthesis (senescing leaf #10) of plants grown hydroponically for 70 days within controlled environment chambers, supported by rubber sponges in pots containing a nutrient solution
 

109%

 

Seneweera et al. (2011)

Photosynthesis (expanded leaf #11) of plants grown hydroponically for 70 days within controlled environment chambers, supported by rubber sponges in pots containing a nutrient solution
 

116%

 

Seneweera et al. (2011)

Photosynthesis (last fully expanded leaf #12) of plants grown hydroponically for 70 days within controlled environment chambers, supported by rubber sponges in pots containing a nutrient solution
 

77%

 

Seneweera et al. (2011)

Photosynthesis (expanding leaf #13) of plants grown hydroponically for 70 days within controlled environment chambers, supported by rubber sponges in pots containing a nutrient solution
 

88%

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Vegetative stage photosynthesis of uppermost leaves of adequately fertilized plants of cultivar Kirara397 grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions
54%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Reproductive stage photosynthesis of uppermost leaves of adequately fertilized plants of cultivar Kirara397 grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions
-14%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Vegetative-stage photosynthesis of uppermost leaves of adequately fertilized plants of cultivar Akitakomachi grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions
52%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Reproductive-stage photosynthesis of uppermost leaves of adequately fertilized plants of cultivar Akitakomachi grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions
39%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Vegetative-stage photosynthesis of uppermost leaves of adequately fertilized plants of cultivar Hitomebore grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions
72%

 

 

Shimono et al. (2009)

Reproductive-stage photosynthesis of uppermost leaves of adequately fertilized plants of cultivar Hitomebore grown from seed to the fifth-leaf stage in sunlit growth chambers and then transplanted to a paddy field at Shizukuishi, Iwate, Japan, and grown under FACE conditions
50%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis (measured at the vegetative stage) of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at low day/night temperatures of 31/24°C; cv. PS-2
52%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis (measured at the heading stage) of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at low day/night temperatures of 31/24°C; cv. PS-2
28%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis (measured at the ripening stage) of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at low day/night temperatures of 31/24°C; cv. PS-2
12%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis (measured at the vegetative stage) of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at high day/night temperatures of 35/28°C; cv. PS-2
89%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis (measured at the heading stage) of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at high day/night temperatures of 35/28°C; cv. PS-2
73%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis (measured at the ripening stage) of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at high day/night temperatures of 35/28°C; cv. PS-2
3%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at a low day/night temperature of 31/24°C, measured at the vegetative stage; cv. PRH-10
55%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at a high day/night temperature of 35/28°C, measured at the vegetative stage; cv. PRH-10
108%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at a low day/night temperature of 31/24°C, measured at the heading stage; cv. PRH-10
30%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at a high day/night temperature of 35/28°C, measured at the heading stage; cv. PRH-10
70%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at a low day/night temperature of 31/24°C, measured at the ripening stage; cv. PRH-10
29%

 

 

Sujatha et al. (2008)

Photosynthesis of uppermost fully-expanded leaves of main stem of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed in peat soil in pots within a phytotron maintained at a high day/night temperature of 35/28°C, measured at the ripening stage; cv. PRH-10
120%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, Pusa-Basmati-1 cultivar
59%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, P-2503-6-693 cultivar
40%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, P-677 cultivar
32%

 

 

Uprety et al. (2002)

open-top chambers, P-834 cultivar
35%

 

 

Weerakoon et al. (1999)

glasshouse
 

57%

 

Yang et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis of transplanting to tillering plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003
32%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis of tillering to panicle inititation plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003
6%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis of panicle initiation to heading plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003
21%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis of heading to mid-ripening plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003
42%

 

 

Yang et al. (2006)

Photosynthesis of mid-ripening to grain maturity plants grown under standard paddy culture conditions at the China Rice/Wheat FACE facility near Wuxi, Jiangsu, China, in 2001, 2002 and 2003
-27%

 

 

Zeng et al. (2011)

Photosynthesis of well watered and fertilized plants grown from transplants under standard paddy culture in a FACE study between 30 and 60 days after transplanting in competition with barnyard grass (Echinochloa crusgalli)
75%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of newly-expanded flag leaves of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants exposed to full sunlight growing out-of-doors in a FACE study conducted at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province in China during 2007
24%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of mid-anthesis flag leaves of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants exposed to full sunlight growing out-of-doors in a FACE study conducted at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province in China during 2007
23%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of end of grain filling flag leaves of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants exposed to full sunlight growing out-of-doors in a FACE study conducted at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province in China during 2007
2%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of newly-expanded flag leaves of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants exposed to full sunlight growing out-of-doors in a FACE study conducted at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province in China during 2008
27%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of mid-anthesis flag leaves of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants exposed to full sunlight growing out-of-doors in a FACE study conducted at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province in China during 2008
22%

 

 

Zhu et al. (2012)

Photosynthesis of end of grain filling flag leaves of well-watered and adequately-fertilized plants exposed to full sunlight growing out-of-doors in a FACE study conducted at Zhongcun village, Yangzhou city, Jiangsu province in China during 2008
3%

 

 

Ziska and Teramura (1992)

pots (20 liter)
48%

 

 

Ziska and Teramura (1992)

pots (20 liter, 2 plants)
52%

 

 

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