Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Zea mays L. [Corn]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
27
10
 
 Arithmetic Mean
25.7%
33%
 
 Standard Error
4.9%
4.5
 

Individual Experiement Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Ali (2008)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in the field in open-top chambers in air that was charcoal filtered (CF, to remove ozone)
67%

 

 

Ali (2008)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity in the field in open-top chambers in air that was not charcoal filtered (NF) to remove ozone
37%

 

 

Allen Jr. et al. (2011)

Plants grown from seed in pots placed within sunlit controlled-environment chambers for 39 days with daily irrigation (well-watered, WW), with biomass determinations being made 34 days after sowing
1%

 

 

Allen Jr. et al. (2011)

Plants grown from seed in pots placed within sunlit controlled-environment chambers with irrigation being withheld from half of the plants starting 26 days after sowing (drought-stressed, DS), with biomass determinations being made 34 days after sowing
36%

 

 

De Graff et al., (2007)

Shoot biomass (cultivated subspecies) of well watered plants grown from seed for four weeks within controlled-environment chambers in 0.25-l containers filled with a silt loam soil
10%

 

 

De Graff et al., (2007)

Root biomass (cultivated subspecies) of well watered plants grown from seed for four weeks within controlled-environment chambers in 0.25-l containers filled with a silt loam soil
10%

 

 

De Graff et al., (2007)

Shoot biomass (two wild types) of well watered plants grown from seed for four weeks within controlled-environment chambers in 0.25-l containers filled with a silt loam soil
4 to 14%

 

 

De Graff et al., (2007)

Root biomass (two wild types) of well watered plants grown from seed for four weeks within controlled-environment chambers in 0.25-l containers filled with a silt loam soil
10 to 20%

 

 

Goudriaan and de Ruiter (1983)

pots, greenhouse
10%

 

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at low light (27 lux) and at low day/night temperatures (23/20C)
 

20%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at low light (27 lux) and at high day/night temperatures (28/23C)
 

25%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at high light (48 lux) and at low day/night temperatures (23/20C)
 

21%

 

Imai and Murata (1979)

Adequately watered plants grown from seed in pots containing 0.5 kg of soil and 2.5 g of chemical fertilizer for 10 to 15 days after emergence and then transferred to growth chambers for five additional days of growth at high light (48 lux) and at high day/night temperatures (28/23C)
 

37%

 

Kim et al. (2006)

Well-watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to developmental stage R3 (milky ripe stage, 70 days after planting) in sunlit soil-plant-atmosphere research (SPAR) chambers
2%

 

 

King and Greer (1986)

pots (22 liter), growth chamber, low water stress
27%

23%

 

King and Greer (1986)

pots (22 liter), growth chamber, moderate water stress
27%

30%

 

King and Greer (1986)

pots (22 liter), growth chamber, severe water stress
36%

46%

 

Manderscheid et al. (2014)

Plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors under optimum (WET) soil moisture conditions in a FACE study
0%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2014)

Plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors under insufficient (DRY) soil moisture conditions in a FACE study
42%

 

 

Manderscheid et al. (2014)

Grain biomass of plants grown from seed to maturity out-of-doors under insufficient (DRY) soil moisture conditions in a FACE study
72%

 

 

Mark and Tevini (1997)

growth chamber, 13 days
10%

 

 

Mark and Tevini (1997)

growth chamber, 18 days
1%

 

 

Maroco et al. (1999)

Plexiglass chamber
 

16%

 

Morison and Gifford (1984)

pots (3.2 kg soil)
27%

 

 

Phillips et al. (2006)

Plants grown from seed for five days with their roots in Fahraeus solution in wide-mouth quart jars in growth chambers
10%

 

 

Rogers et al. (1983)

pots (15.5 liter), field, open-top chambers
8%

52%

 

Rogers et al. (1983)

pots (16.5 liter), field, open-top chambers
48%

60%

 

Vanaja et al. (2011)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in open-top chambers out-of-doors one to each 5-L pot filled with ~6.5 kg of red soil maintained at 80% (well-watered, WW) of soil water content at field capacity
27%

 

 

Vanaja et al. (2011)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in open-top chambers out-of-doors one to each 5-L pot filled with ~6.5 kg of red soil maintained at 50% (drought-stressed, DS) of soil water content at field capacity
90%

 

 

Whipps (1985)

jars (0.9 liter)
78%

 

 

Ziska and Bunce (1997)

glasshouse
3%

 

 

Ziska and Bunce (1999)

Plants grown in controlled environment chambers for three weeks
0%

 

 

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