Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Trifolium repens L. [White Clover]

Almeida, J.P.F., Luscher, A., Frehner, M., Oberson, A. and Nosberger, J. 1999. Partitioning of P and the activity of root acid phosphatase in white clover (Trifolium repens L.) are modified by increased atmospheric CO2 and P fertilisation. Plant and Soil 210: 159-166.

Almeida, J.P.F., Hartwig, U.A., Frehner, M., Nosberger, J. and Luscher, A. 2000. Evidence the P deficiency induces N feedback regulation of symbiotic N2 fixation in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Journal of Experimental Botany 51: 1289-1297.

Billings, W.D., Peterson, K.M., Luken, J.O. and Mortensen, D.A. 1984. Interaction of increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide and soil nitrogen on the carbon balance of tundra microcosms. Oecologia 65: 26-29.

Crush, J.R. 1993. Hydrogen evolution from root nodules of Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa plants grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 36: 177-183.

Dale, H. and Press, M.C. 1998. Elevated atmospheric CO2 influences the interaction between the paraxitic angiosperm Orobanche minor and its host Trifolium repens. New Phytologist 140: 65-73.

Deckmyn, G., Caeyenberghs, E. and Ceulemans, R. 2001. Reduced UV-B in greenhouses decreases white clover response to enhanced CO2. Environmental and Experimental Botany 46: 109-117.

Edwards, G.R., Clark, H. and Newton, P.C.D. 2001. The effects of elevated CO2 on seed production and seedling recruitment in a sheep-grazed pasture. Oecologia 10.1007/s004420000602.

Greer, D.H., Laing, W.A., Campbell, B.D. and Halligan, E.A. 2000. The effect of perturbations in temperature and photon flux density on the growth and photosynthetic responses of five pasture species. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 27: 301-310.

Gunn, S., Bailey, S.J. and Farrar, J.F. 1999. Partitioning of dry mass and leaf area within plants of three species grown at elevated CO2. Functional Ecology 13: 3-11.

Hartwig, U.A., Luscher, A., Nosberger, J. and van Kessel, C. 2002. Nitrogen-15 budget in model ecosystems of white clover and perennial ryegrass exposed for four years at elevated atmospheric pCO2. Global Change Biology 8: 194-202.

Heagle, A.S. 2003. Influence of elevated carbon dioxide on interactions between Frankliniella occidentalis and Trifolium repens. Environmental Entomology 32: 421-424.

Heagle, A.S., Miller, J.E., Sherrill, D.E. and Rawlings, J.O. 1993. Effects of ozone and carbon dioxide mixtures on two clones of white clover. New Phytologist 123: 751-762.

Johnson, S.N. and McNicol, J.W. 2010. Elevated CO2 and aboveground-belowground herbivory by the clover root weevil. Oecologia 62: 209-216.

Jongen, M., Fay, P. and Jones, M.B. 1996. Effects of elevated carbon dioxide and arbuscular mycorrhizal infection on Trifolium repens. New Phytologist 132: 413-423.

Luscher, A., Daepp, M., Blum, H., Hartwig, U.A. and Nosberger, J. 2004. Fertile temperate grassland under elevated atmospheric CO2 - role of feed-back mechanisms and availability of growth resources. European Journal of Agronomy 21: 379-398.

Manderscheid, R., Bender, J., Schenk, U. and Weigel, H.J. 1997. Response of biomass and nitrogen yield of white clover to radiation and atmospheric CO2 concentration. Environmental and Experimental Botany 38: 131-143.

Morison, J.I.L. and Gifford, R.M. 1984. Plant growth and water use with limited water supply in high CO2 concentrations. II. Plant dry weight, partitioning and water use efficiency. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 11: 375-384.

Navas, M.-L., Garnier, E., Austin, M.P. and Gifford, R.M. 1999. Effect of competition on the responses of grasses and legumes to elevated atmospheric CO2 along a nitrogen gradient: differeences between isolated plants, monocultures and multi-species mixtures. New Phytologist 143: 323-331.

Nijs, I., Impens, I. and Behaeghe, T. 1989. Effects of different CO2 environments on the photosynthesis-yield relationship and the carbon and water balance of a white clover (Trifolium repens L. cv. Blanca) sward. Journal of Experimental Botany 40: 353-359.

Overdieck, D. 1986. Long-term effects of an increased CO2 concentration on terrestrial plants in model ecosystems. Morphology and reproduction of Trifolium repens L. and Lolium perenne L. International Journal of Biometerology 30: 323-332.

Overdieck, D. and Bossemeyer, D. 1985. Longterm effects of CO2 enrichment on CO2 gas exchange of a model-ecosystem. Angewandte Botanik 59: 179-198.

Saebo, A. and Mortensen, L.M. 1995. Growth and regrowth of Phleum pratense, Lolium perenne, Trifolium repens and Trifolium pratense at normal and elevated CO2 concentration. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 55: 29-35.

Scheidegger, U.C. and Nosberger, J. 1984. Influence of carbon dioxide concentration on growth, carbohydrate content, translocation and photosynthesis of white clover. Annals of Botany 54: 735-742.

Weigel, H.J. and Manderscheid, R. 2005. CO2 enrichment effects on forage and grain nitrogen content of pasture and cereal plants. Journal of Crop Improvement 13: 73-89.

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