Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Populus tremuloides Michx. [Quaking Aspen]

Cseke, L.J., Tsai, C.-J., Rogers, A., Nelsen, M.P., White, H.L., Karnosky, D.F. and Podila, G.K. 2009. Transcriptomic comparison in the leaves of two aspen genotypes having similar carbon assimilation rates but different partitioning patterns under elevated [CO2]. New Phytologist 182: 891-911.

Curtis, P.S., Vogel, C.S., Wang, X.Z., Pregitzer, K.S., Zak, D.R., Lussenhop, J., Kubiske, M. and Teeri, J.A. 2000. Gas exchange, leaf nitrogen, and growth efficiency of Populus tremuloides in a CO2-enriched atmosphere. Ecological Applications 10: 3-17.

Hao, G.-Y., Holbrook, N.M., Zwieniecki, M.A., Gutschick, V.P. and BassiriRad, H. 2018. Coordinated responses of plant hydraulic architecture with the reduction of stomatal conductance under elevated CO2 concentration. Tree Physiology 38: 1041-1052.

Isebrands, J.G., McDonald, E.P., Kruger, E., Hendrey, G., Percy, K., Pregitzer, K., Sober, J. and Karnosky, D.F. 2001. Growth responses of Populus tremuloides clones to interacting elevated carbon dioxide and tropospheric ozone. Environmental Pollution 115: 359-371.

Karnosky, D.F., Zak, D.R., Pregitzer, K.S., Awmack, C.S., Bockheim, J.G., Dickson, R.E., Hendrey, G.R., Host, G.E., King, J.S., Kopper, B.J., Kruger, E.L., Kubiske, M.E., Lindroth, R.L., Mattson, W.J., McDonald, E.P., Noormets, A., Oksanen, E., Parsons, W.F.J., Percy, K.E., Podila, G.K., Riemenschneider, D.E., Sharma, P., Thakur, R., Sober, A., Sober, J., Jones, W.S., Anttonen, S., Vapaavuori, E., Mankovska, B., Heilman, W. and Isebrands, J.G. 2005. Tropospheric O3 moderates responses of temperate hardwood forests to elevated CO2: a synthesis of molecular to ecosystem results from the Aspen FACE project. Functional Ecology 17: 289-304.

King, J.S., Kubiske, M.E., Pregitzer, K.S., Hendrey, G.R., McDonald, E.P., Giardina, C.P., Quinn, V.S. and Karnosky, D.F. 2005a. Tropospheric O3 compromises net primary production in young stands of trembling aspen, paper birch and sugar maple in response to elevated atmospheric CO2. New Phytologist 168: 623-636.

King, J.S., Pregitzer, K.S., Zak, D.R., Holmes, W.E. and Schmidt, K. 2005b. Fine root chemistry and decomposition in model communities of north-temperate tree species show little response to elevated atmospheric CO2 and varying soil resource availability. Oecologia 146: 318-328.

King, J.S., Pregitzer, K.S., Zak, D.R., Sober, J., Isebrands, J.G., Dickson, R.E., Hendrey, G.R. and Karnosky, D.F. 2001. Fine-root biomass and fluxes of soil carbon in young stands of paper birch and trembling aspen as affected by elevated atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3. Oecologia 128: 237-250.

Kruger, E.L., Volin, J.C. and Lindroth, R.L. 1998. Influences of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on the responses of sugar maple and trembling aspen to defoliation. New Phytologist 140: 85-94.

Liu, L., King, J.S. and Giardina, C.P. 2005. Effects of elevated concentrations of atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3 on leaf litter production and chemistry in trembling aspen and paper birch communities. Tree Physiology 25: 1511-1522.

Liu, N., Dang, Q.-L. and Parker, W.H. 2006. Genetic variation of Populus tremuloides in ecophysiological responses to CO2 elevation. Canadian Journal of Botany 84: 294-302.

Mikan, C.J., Zak, D.R., Kubiske, M.E. and Pregitzer, K.S. 2000. Combined effects of atmospheric CO2 and N availability on the belowgrouind carbon and nirtrogen dynamics of aspen mesocosms. Oecologia 124: 432-445.

Pregitzer, K.S., Burton, A.J., King, J.S. and Zak, D.R. 2008. Soil respiration, root biomass, and root turnover following long-term exposure of northern forests to elevated atmospheric CO2 and tropospheric O3. New Phytologist 180: 153-161.

Pregitzer, K.S., Zak, D.R., Maziaasz, J., DeForest, J., Curtis, P.S. and Lussenhop, J. 2000. Interactive effects of atmospheric CO2 and soil-N availability on fine roots of Populus tremuloides. Ecological Applications 10: 18-33.

Tjoelker, M.G., Oleksyn, J. and Reich, P.B. 1998. Temperature and ontogeny mediate growth response to elevated CO2 in seedlings of five boreal tree species. New Phytologist 140: 197-210.

Tupker, K.A., Thomas, B.R. and Macdonald, S.E. 2003. Propagation of trembling aspen and hybrid poplar for agroforestry: potential benefits of elevated CO2 in the greenhouse. Agroforestry Systems 59: 61-71.

Volin, J.C., Reich, P.B. and Givnish, T.J. 1998. Elevated carbon dioxide ameliorates the effets of ozone on photosynthesis and growth: species respond similarly regardless of photosynthetic pathway or plant functional group. New Phytologist 138: 315-325.

Wang, X. and Curtis, P.S. 2001. Gender-specific responses of Populus tremuloides to atmospheric CO2 enrichment. New Phytologist 150: 675-684.

Zak, D.R., Pregitzer, K.S., Curtis, P.S., Vogel, C.S., Holmes, W.E. and Lussenhop, J. 2000. Atmospheric CO2, soil-N availability, and allocation of biomass and nitrogen by Populus tremuloides. Ecological Applications 10: 34-46.

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