Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Picea mariana (P. Mill.) B.S.P. [Black Spruce]

Bigras, F.J. and Bertrand, A. 2006. Responses of Picea mariana to elevated CO2 concentration during growth, cold hardening and dehardening: phenology, cold tolerance, photosynthesis and growth. Tree Physiology 26: 875-888.

Johnsen, K.H. 1993. Growth and ecophysiological responses of black spruce seedlings to elevated CO2 under varied water and nutrient additions. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 23: 1033-1042.

Johnsen, K.H. and Seiler, J.R. 1996. Growth, shoot phenology and physiology of diverse seed sources of black spruce: I. Seedling responses to varied atmospheric CO2 concentrations and photoperiods. Tree Physiology 16: 367-373.

Major, J.E., Mosseler, A., Johnsen, K.H., Campbell, M. and Malcolm, J. 2015. Red and black spruce provenance growth and allocation under ambient and elevated CO2. Trees 29: 1313-1328.

Marfo, J. and Dang, Q.-L. 2009. Interactive effects of carbon dioxide concentration and light on the morphological and biomass characteristics of black spruce and white spruce seedlings. Botany 87: 67-77.

Tjoelker, M.G., Oleksyn, J. and Reich, P.B. 1998. Temperature and ontogeny mediate growth response to elevated CO2 in seedlings of five boreal tree species. New Phytologist 140: 197-210.

Zhang, S. and Dang, Q.-L. 2007. Interactive effects of soil temperature and [CO2] on morphological and biomass traits in seedlings of four boreal tree species. Forest Science 53: 453-460.

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