Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Picea abies (L.) Karst. [Norway Spruce]

Egli, P., Maurer, S., Gunthardt-Goerg, M.S. and Korner, C. 1998. Effects of elevated CO2 and soil quality on leaf gas exchange and above-ground growth in beech-spruce model ecosystems. New Phytologist 140: 185-196.

Jones, T.A. and Reekie, E.G. 2007. Effect of seed size on seedling growth response to elevated CO2 in Picea abies and Picea rubens. Plant Biology 9: 766-775.

Liu, X., Kozovits, A.R., Grams, T.E.E., Blaschke, H., Rennenberg, H. and Matyssek, R. 2004. Competition modifies effects of ozone/carbon dioxide concentrations on carbohydrate and biomass accumulation in juvenile Norway spruce and European beech. Tree Physiology 24: 1045-1055.

Loewe, A., Einig, W., Shi, Lanbo, Dizengremel, P. and Hampp, R. 2000. Mycorrhiza formation and elevated CO2 both increase the capacity for sucrose synthesis in source leaves of spruce and aspen. New Phytologist 145: 565-574.

Pokorny, R., Tomaskova, I. and Marek, M.V. 2013. Response of Norway spruce root system to elevated atmospheric CO2 concentration. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 35: 1807-1816.

Rodenkirchen, H., Gottlein, A., Kozovits, A.R., Matyssek, R. and Grams, T.E.E. 2009. Nutrient contents and efficiencies of beech and spruce saplings as influenced by competition and O3/CO2 regime. European Journal of Forest Research 128: 117-128.

Spinnler, D., Egli, P. and Korner, C. 2003. Provenance effects and allometry in beech and spruce under elevated CO2 and nitrogen on two different forest soils. Basic and Applied Ecology 4: 467-478.

Zebian, K.J. and Reekie, E.G. 1998. The interactive effects of atmospheric carbon dioxide and light on stem elongation in seedlings of four species. Annals of Botany 81: 185-193.

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