Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Medicago sativa L. [Alfalfa]

Agrell, J., Anderson, P., Oleszek, W., Stochmal, A. and Agrell, C. 2004. Combined effects of elevated CO2 and herbivore damage on alfalfa and cotton. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30: 2309-2323.

Aranjuelo, I., Irigoyen, J.J., Nogues, S. and Sanchez-Diaz, M. 2009. Elevated CO2 and water-availability effect on gas exchange and nodule development in N2-fixing alfalfa plants. Environmental and Experimental Botany 65: 18-26.

Aranjuelo, I., Irigoyen, J.J., Perez, P., Martinez-Carrasco, R. and Sanchez-Diaz, M. 2005. The use of temperature gradient tunnels for studying the combined effect of CO2, temperature and water availability in N2 fixing alfalfa plants. Annals of Applied Biology 146: 51-60.

Aranjuelo, I., Irigoyen, J.J., Sanchez-Diaz, M. and Nogues, S. 2008. Carbon partitioning in N2 fixing Medicago sativa plants exposed to different CO2 and temperature conditions. Functional Plant Biology 35: 306-317.

Baslam, M., Antolin, M.C., Gogorcena, Y., Munoz, F. and Goicoechea, N. 2014. Changes in alfalfa forage quality and stem carbohydrates induced by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and elevated atmospheric CO2. Annals of Applied Biology 164: 190-199.

Bertrand, A., Prevost, D., Bigras, F.J. and Castonguay, Y. 2007a. Elevated atmospheric CO2 and strain of rhizobium alter freezing tolerance and cold-induced molecular changes in alfalfa (Medicago sativa). Annals of Botany 99: 275-284.

Bertrand, A., Prevost, D., Bigras, F.J., Lalande, R., Tremblay, G.F., Castonguay, Y. and Belanger, G. 2007b. Alfalfa response to elevated atmospheric CO2 varies with the symbiotic rhizobial strain. Plant and Soil 301: 173-187.

Bunce, J.A. 1993. Growth, survival, competition, and canopy carbon dioxide and water vapor exchange of first year alfalfa at an elevated CO2 concentration. Photosynthetica 29: 557-565.

Crush, J.R. 1993. Hydrogen evolution from root nodules of Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa plants grown under elevated atmospheric CO2. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research 36: 177-183.

De Luis, I., Irigoyen, J.J. and Sanchez-Diaz, M. 1999. Elevated CO2 enhances plant growth in droughted N2-fixing alfalfa without improving water status. Physiologia Plantarum 107: 84-89.

Erice, G., Irigoyen, J.J., Perez, P., Martinez-Carrasco, R. and Sanchez-Diaz, M. 2006. Effect of elevated CO2, temperature and drought on dry matter partitioning and photosynthesis before and after cutting of nodulated alfalfa. Plant Science 170: 1059-1067.

Erice, G., Irigoyen, J.J., Sanchez-Diaz, M., Avice, J.-C. and Ourry, A. 2007. Effect of drought, elevated CO2 and temperature on accumulation of N and vegetative storage proteins (VSP) in taproot of nodulated alfalfa before and after cutting. Plant Science 172: 903-912.

Goudriaan, J. and de Ruiter, H.E. 1983. Plant growth in response to CO2 enrichment, at two levels of nitrogen and phosphorus supply: I. Dry matter, leaf area and development. Netherlands Journal of Agricultural Science 31: 157-169.

Luscher, A., Hartwig, U.A., Suter, D. and Nosberger, J. 2000. Direct evidence that symbiotic N2 fixation in fertile grassland is an important trait for a strong response of plants to elevated atmospheric CO2. Global Change Biology 6: 655-662.

Macdowall, F.D.H. 1983. Effects of light intensity and CO2 concentration on the kinetics of 1st month growth and nitrogen fixation of alfalfa. Canadian Journal of Botany 61: 731-740.

Morgan, J.A., Skinner, R.H. and Hanson, J.D. 2001. Nitrogen and CO2 affect regrowth and biomass partitioning differently in forages of three functional groups. Crop Science 41: 78-86.

Morison, J.I.L. and Gifford, R.M. 1984. Plant growth and water use with limited water supply in high CO2 concentrations. II. Plant dry weight, partitioning and water use efficiency. Australian Journal of Plant Physiology 11: 375-384.

Reuveni, J. and Gale, J. 1985. The effect of high levels of carbon dioxide on dark respiration and growth of plants. Plant Cell and Environment 8: 623-638.

Sanz-Saez, A., Erice, G., Aguirreolea, J., Irigoyen, J.J. and Sanchez-Diaz, M. 2012. Alfalfa yield under elevated CO2 and temperature depends on the Sinorhizobium strain and growth season. Environmental and Experimental Botany 77: 267-273.

Sanz-Saez, A., Erice, G., Aranjuelo, I., Nogues, S., Irigoyen, J.J. and Sanchez-Diaz, M. 2010. Photosynthetic down-regulation under elevated CO2 exposure can be prevented by nitrogen supply in nodulated alfalfa. Journal of Plant Physiology 167: 1558-1565.

Zebian, K.J. and Reekie, E.G. 1998. The interactive effects of atmospheric carbon dioxide and light on stem elongation in seedlings of four species. Annals of Botany 81: 185-193.

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