Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Lycopersicon esculentum P. Mill. [Garden Tomato]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
54
40
9
 Arithmetic Mean
32.4%
40.3%
46.8%
 Standard Error
3.7%
7
9.2%

Individual Experiment Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Behboudian and Lai (1995)

controlled environment room
 

5%

 

Besford (1993)

The fresh weight per unit area of the 5th leaf after approximately 24 days after sowing from plants grown in controlled environment chambers
 

15%

 

Hao et al. (2000)

controlled environment chambers
50%

 

 

Hao et al. (2000)

controlled environment chambers, + UV-B radiation
44%

 

 

Hartz et al. (1991)

field, polyethelyne tunnel
 

40%

 

Huang et al. (2012)

Plants infected (I) with tomato yellow leaf curl virus - grown from seed in pots filled with sterilized loamy field soil and enclosed within ventilated insect-proof cages placed inside open-top chambers located in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing, China, for approximately two months in 2009
11%

 

 

Huang et al. (2012)

Plants non-infected (NI) with tomato yellow leaf curl virus - grown from seed in pots filled with sterilized loamy field soil and enclosed within ventilated insect-proof cages placed inside open-top chambers located in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing, China, for approximately two months in 2009
18%

 

 

Huang et al. (2012)

Plants infected (I) with tomato yellow leaf curl virus - grown from seed in pots filled with sterilized loamy field soil and enclosed within ventilated insect-proof cages placed inside open-top chambers located in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing, China, for approximately two months in 2010
23%

 

 

Huang et al. (2012)

Plants non-infected (NI) with tomato yellow leaf curl virus - grown from seed in pots filled with sterilized loamy field soil and enclosed within ventilated insect-proof cages placed inside open-top chambers located in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing, China, for approximately two months in 2010
48%

 

 

Islam et al. (1996)

greenhouse, fresh weight
 

32%

 

Jin et al. (2009)

Shoot biomass of 20-day-old plants grown for an additional seven days in controlled-environment chambers in an iron (Fe)-sufficient medium with a soluble Fe source
14%

 

 

Jin et al. (2009)

Root biomass of 20-day-old plants grown for an additional seven days in controlled-environment chambers in an iron (Fe)-sufficient medium with a soluble Fe source
28%

 

 

Jin et al. (2009)

Shoot biomass of 20-day-old plants grown for an additional seven days in controlled-environment chambers under Fe-limited conditions in an Fe-limited medium containing the sparingly soluble hydrous Fe(III)-oxide
29%

 

 

Jin et al. (2009)

Root biomass of 20-day-old plants grown for an additional seven days in controlled-environment chambers under Fe-limited conditions in an Fe-limited medium containing the sparingly soluble hydrous Fe(III)-oxide
64%

 

 

Juknys et al. (2011)

Aboveground biomass of plants grown from seed for 21 days after germination within controlled-environment chambers at a density of 25 plants per each of three 5-L pots per treatment filled with neutral (pH 6.0-6.5) peat substrate
17%

 

 

Jwa and Walling (2001)

hydroponics, non-infected
26%

 

 

Jwa and Walling (2001)

hydroponics, infected with the fungal pathogen Phytophthora parasitica
26%

 

 

Khavari-Nejad (1996)

glasshouse
 

 

64%

Klapwijk and Wubben (1984)

pots, glasshouse
 

20%

 

Laporte et al. (1997)

open-top chamber, above-ground biomass, 35S-13-2 transformed plant
66%

 

 

Laporte et al. (1997)

open-top chamber, above-ground biomass, 35S-12-1 transformed plant
44%

 

 

Laporte et al. (1997)

open-top chamber, above-ground biomass, SSU-9-1-6 transformed plant
39%

 

 

Laporte et al. (1997)

open-top chamber, above-ground biomass, SSU-9-13-13 transformed plant
9%

 

 

Laporte et al. (1997)

open-top chamber, above-ground biomass, 35S-13-2 control plant
72%

 

 

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 30 days,salinity of 2 dS m-1
 

 

36%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 30 days,salinity of 4 dS m-1
 

 

63%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 30 days,salinity of 6 dS m-1
 

 

36%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 30 days,salinity of 8 dS m-1
 

 

72%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 132 days,salinity of 2 dS m-1
 

 

2%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 132 days,salinity of 4 dS m-1
 

 

14%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 132 days,salinity of 6 dS m-1
 

 

40%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, 132 days,salinity of 8 dS m-1
 

 

94%

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, fruit dry yield,salinity of 2 dS m-1
5%

 

 

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, fruit dry yield,salinity of 4 dS m-1
18%

 

 

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, fruit dry yield,salinity of 6 dS m-1
42%

 

 

Li et al. (1999)

growth chambers, fruit dry yield,salinity of 8 dS m-1
86%

 

 

Li et al. (2007a)

Well watered plants grown from seed within controlled-environment chambers for 45 days, rooted in pots filled with coarse sand periodically watered with nutrient solutions having ammonium/nitrate concentration percentages of 0:100
56%

 

 

Li et al. (2007a)

Well watered plants grown from seed within controlled-environment chambers for 45 days, rooted in pots filled with coarse sand periodically watered with nutrient solutions having ammonium/nitrate concentration percentages of 25:75
24%

 

 

Li et al. (2007a)

Well watered plants grown from seed within controlled-environment chambers for 45 days, rooted in pots filled with coarse sand periodically watered with nutrient solutions having ammonium/nitrate concentration percentages of 50:50
0%

 

 

Li et al. (2007a)

Well watered plants grown from seed within controlled-environment chambers for 45 days, rooted in pots filled with coarse sand periodically watered with nutrient solutions having ammonium/nitrate concentration percentages of 75:25
7%

 

 

Li et al. (2007a)

Well watered plants grown from seed within controlled-environment chambers for 45 days, rooted in pots filled with coarse sand periodically watered with nutrient solutions having ammonium/nitrate concentration percentages of 100:0
-4%

 

 

Li et al. (2007b)

Plants grown from seed for 46 days within growth chambers in 1.2-L pots of coarse sand filled with 1/2-strength Japan Yamazaki nutrient solution
8%

 

 

Li et al. (2007b)

Plants grown from seed for 46 days within growth chambers in 1.2-L pots of coarse sand filled with 1/16-strength Japan Yamazaki nutrient solution
6%

 

 

Mamatha et al. (2014)

Total fruit yield at time of harvest of well watered and fertilized 30-day-old transplants grown to maturity out of doors in open-top chambers at the Indian Institute of Horticultural Research in Bangalore, India
106%

 

 

Mortensen (1984)

growth chambers
 

19%

 

Mortensen (1985a)

pots (11-cm)
 

30%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

53%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

73%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

73%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

40%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

63%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

38%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

32%

 

Mortensen (1985b)

pots (11-cm)
 

40%

 

Mortensen (1986)

pots (11-cm), moderate light
 

84%

 

Mortensen (1986)

pots (11-cm), low light
 

48%

 

Mortensen (1992)

pots (10-cm), ozone-stressed
26%

 

 

Mortensen (1992)

pots (10-cm), non-stressed
6%

 

 

Olszyk and Wise (1997)

Plants grown from seed in pots (100 g soil) in glasshouses for 28 days; O3 ~ 1 l l-1 h
48%

 

 

Olszyk and Wise (1997)

Plants grown from seed in pots (100 g soil) in glasshouses for 28 days; O3 ~ 44 l l-1 h
150%

 

 

Paez et al. (1984)

pots (3.5 liter), growth chambers, well-watered
5%

 

 

Paez et al. (1984)

pots (3.5 liter), growth chambers, water-stressed
38%

 

 

Paez et al. (1984)

pots (3.5 liter) gr chambers, well-watered
14%

 

 

Paez et al. (1984)

pots (3.5 liter) gr chambers, water-stressed
14%

 

 

Peet and Willits (1984)

greenhouse, lay flat bags
 

21%

 

Peet and Willits (1984)

greenhouse, soil beds
 

27%

 

Peet and Willits (1984)

greenhouse, upright bags
 

23%

 

Slack et al. (1988)

pots (1 liter)
25%

 

 

Slack et al. (1988)

pots (1 liter)
30%

 

 

Sun et al. (2010)

Wild-type plants grown out-of-doors in open-top chambers in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing (China) for a period of two months
36%

 

 

Sun et al. (2010)

Jasmonate-deficient spr2 mutant plants grown out-of-doors in pots within open-top chambers in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing (China) for a period of two months
41%

 

 

Sun et al. (2010)

Prosystemin transgenic plants (35S) grown out-of-doors in pots within open-top chambers in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing (China) for a period of two months
53%

 

 

Sun et al. (2010)

Wild-type plants inoculated with Meloidogyne incognita (a soil-dwelling, microscopic nematode that parasitizes roots and feeds exclusively on the cytoplasm of living plant cells) grown out-of-doors in pots within open-top chambers in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing (China) for a period of two months
28%

 

 

Sun et al. (2010)

Jasmonate-deficient spr2 mutant plants inoculated with Meloidogyne incognita (a soil-dwelling, microscopic nematode that parasitizes roots and feeds exclusively on the cytoplasm of living plant cells) grown out-of-doors in pots within open-top chambers in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing (China) for a period of two months
27%

 

 

Sun et al. (2010)

Prosystemin transgenic plants (35S) inoculated with Meloidogyne incognita (a soil-dwelling, microscopic nematode that parasitizes roots and feeds exclusively on the cytoplasm of living plant cells) grown out-of-doors in pots within open-top chambers in Xiaotangshan County, Beijing (China) for a period of two months
30%

 

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

7%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

7%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

9%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

13%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

15%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

31%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

29%

 

Tripp et al. (1991)

grow-bags (18.9 liter)
 

9%

 

Valerio et al. (2011)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to anthesis, four to each7.5-L pot filled with a 1:1 mix of perlite and jiffy mix, within controlled-environment chambers
32%

 

 

Valerio et al. (2013)

Well watered and fertilized seedlings grown in 6-L tubs - filled with a 1:1:1 mixture of silt loam, perlite and metro mix - within controlled environment chambers maintained at day/night temperatures of 21.2/12.2 C
25%

 

 

Valerio et al. (2013)

Well watered and fertilized seedlings grown in 6-L tubs - filled with a 1:1:1 mixture of silt loam, perlite and metro mix - within controlled environment chambers maintained at day/night temperatures of 26.4/18.1 C
3%

 

 

von Wiren et al. (2000)

hydroponics, no N
38%

 

 

von Wiren et al. (2000)

hydroponics, 5mM NO3-
43%

 

 

von Wiren et al. (2000)

hydroponics, 2mM NH4+
40%

 

 

Wang et al. (2009)

Shoot biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown hydroponically for 15 days in controlled environment chambers
 

170%

 

Wang et al. (2009)

Root biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown hydroponically for 15 days in controlled environment chambers
 

250%

 

Willits and Peet (1989)

field
10%

 

 

Willits and Peet (1989)

bags (19 liter)
 

3%

 

Willits and Peet (1989)

 

30%

 

Willits and Peet (1989)

4%

 

 

Willits and Peet (1989)

ground
 

9%

 

Yelle et al. (1987)

pots (6 liter)
 

44%

 

Yelle et al. (1987)

pots (6 liter)
 

25%

 

Yelle et al. (1987)

hydroponics, moderate light
 

34%

 

Yelle et al. (1987)

hydroponics, high light
 

30%

 

Yelle et al. (1987)

pots (6 liter)
 

44%

 

Yelle et al. (1987)

pots (6 liter)
 

53%

 

Yelle et al. (1990)

hydroponics
 

23%

 

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