Percent Dry Weight (Biomass) Increases for
300, 600 and 900 ppm Increases in the Air's CO2 Concentration:


For a more detailed description of this table, click here.

Gossypium hirsutum L. [Cotton]


Statistics
 
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm
 Number of Results
43
1
 
 Arithmetic Mean
56.5%
27%
 
 Standard Error
7.5%
0
 

Individual Experiment Results

Journal References

Experimental Conditions
300 ppm
600 ppm
900 ppm

Agrell et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed for seven weeks in individual 1.5-l pots supplied with slow release fertilizer in controlled environment chambers
47%

 

 

Bunce and Nasyrov (2012)

Stem biomass of seedlings grown to the three-leaf stage in 20-cm-diamerter pots - filled to a depth of 21 cm with a soil mixture containing a fertile silt loam soil, peat moss, and perlite in the ratio of 3:1:1 by volume - within controlled environment chambers under control (C) conditions
45%

 

 

Bunce and Nasyrov (2012)

Stem biomass of seedlings grown to the three-leaf stage in 20-cm-diamerter pots - filled to a depth of 21 cm with a soil mixture containing a fertile silt loam soil, peat moss, and perlite in the ratio of 3:1:1 by volume - within controlled environment chambers under water-stressed (WS) conditions
60%

 

 

Chen et al. (2005)

Well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed for 30 days in pots in controlled-environment chambers
51%

27%

 

Chen et al. (2011)

Well watered and fertilized transgenic Bt plants grown for 45 days after seeding (DAS) in pots filled with an 8:2 mix of loam:manure, located out-of-doors in open-top chambers
30%

 

 

Chen et al. (2011)

Well watered and fertilized transgenic Bt plants grown for 90 days after seeding (DAS) in pots filled with an 8:2 mix of loam:manure, located out-of-doors in open-top chambers
15%

 

 

Derner et al. (2003)

2 months FACE exposure in field
128%

 

 

Hendrey et al. (1993)

FACE, wet plots
55%

 

 

Hendrey et al. (1993)

FACE, dry plots
79%

 

 

Hendrey et al. (1993)

FACE, taproot dry weight
112%

 

 

Hendrey et al. (1993)

FACE, lateral root dry weight
164%

 

 

Idso et al. (1987)

field, moderate temperature
100%

 

 

Idso et al. (1987)

field, high temperature
160%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1995)

growth chambers
43%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1998)

growth chambers,day/night temperature 20/12C
67%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1998)

growth chambers,day/night temperature 25/17C
34%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1998)

growth chambers,day/night temperature 30/22C
26%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1998)

growth chambers,day/night temperature 35/27C
59%

 

 

Reddy et al. (1998)

growth chambers,day/night temperature 40/32C
41%

 

 

Reddy et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in sunlit soil-plant-atmosphere research (SPAR) chambers at low nitrogen (N withheld from flowering to harvest)
27%

 

 

Reddy et al. (2004)

Plants grown from seed to maturity in sunlit soil-plant-atmosphere research (SPAR) chambers at high nitrogen (continuous N throughout plant growth period)
26%

 

 

Reddy and Zhao (2005)

Well-watered plants grown from seed for 85 days in pots within SPAR units (outdoor steel bins with Plexiglas chamber tops) with soil potassium (K) concentrations that were 100% of optimum
30%

 

 

Reddy and Zhao (2005)

Well-watered plants grown from seed for 85 days in pots within SPAR units (outdoor steel bins with Plexiglas chamber tops) with soil potassium (K) concentrations that were 40% of optimum
29%

 

 

Reddy and Zhao (2005)

Well-watered plants grown from seed for 85 days in pots within SPAR units (outdoor steel bins with Plexiglas chamber tops) with soil potassium (K) concentrations that were 20% of optimum
27%

 

 

Reddy and Zhao (2005)

Well-watered plants grown from seed for 85 days in pots within SPAR units (outdoor steel bins with Plexiglas chamber tops) with soil potassium (K) concentrations that were 5% of optimum
10%

 

 

Reddy and Zhao (2005)

Well-watered plants grown from seed for 85 days in pots within SPAR units (outdoor steel bins with Plexiglas chamber tops) with soil potassium (K) concentrations that were 0% of optimum
0%

 

 

Tischler et al. (2000)

greenhouse
50%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liter), 24 mM NO3-
111%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liter), 12 mM NO3-
229%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liter), 4 mM NO3-
144%

 

 

Wong (1990)

pots (5 liter), 0.6 mM NO3-
89%

 

 

Wu et al. (2007)

Lint yield biomass of plants grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors in plastic pots filled with a mixture of loam, cow dung and earthworm frass within open-top-chambers in 2004
10.0%

 

 

Wu et al. (2007)

Lint yield biomass of plants grown from the seedling stage to maturity out-of-doors in plastic pots filled with a mixture of loam, cow dung and earthworm frass within open-top-chambers in 2005
11.4%

 

 

Yoon et al. (2009)

Boll biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one plant to each container of washed sand, with spacing between plants similar to that found in typical cotton fields -- within an \\\"Envirotron\\\" at a day/night temperature regime of 25/15C
88%

 

 

Yoon et al. (2009)

Boll biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one plant to each container of washed sand, with spacing between plants similar to that found in typical cotton fields -- within an \\\"Envirotron\\\" at a day/night temperature regime of 35/25C. Percent biomass enhancement = 4950%, not included in the arithmetic mean at the top of this page, due to its extreme anomalous value.
 

 

 

Yoon et al. (2009)

Aboveground biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one plant to each container of washed sand, with spacing between plants similar to that found in typical cotton fields -- within an \\\"Envirotron\\\" at a day/night temperature regime of 25/15C
12%

 

 

Yoon et al. (2009)

Aboveground biomass of well watered and fertilized plants grown from seed to maturity -- one plant to each container of washed sand, with spacing between plants similar to that found in typical cotton fields -- within an \\\"Envirotron\\\" at a day/night temperature regime of 35/25C
22%

 

 

Yoon et al. (2009)

Seed plus lint yield of well watered and fertilized plants grown one to a container in controlled-environment chambers of the Georgia Envirotron at day/night temperatures of 25/15C
11%

 

 

Yoon et al. (2009)

Seed plus lint yield of well watered and fertilized plants grown one to a container in controlled-environment chambers of the Georgia Envirotron at day/night temperatures of 35/25C
59%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2017)

Dry matter content in leaves of cotton plants 105 days after sowing under an ambient day/night temperature regime of 27/20C; cv Shiyuan 321
13%

 

 

Zhang et al. (2017)

Dry matter content in leaves of cotton plants 105 days after sowing under an elevated day/night temperature regime of 34/27C; cv Shiyuan 321
24%

 

 

Zhao (2003)

Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Research (SPAR) units exposed to different levels of UV-B radiation (kJ m-2 d-1); 24 days after emergence (UV-B = 0.0)
26%

 

 

Zhao (2003)

Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Research (SPAR) units exposed to different levels of UV-B radiation (kJ m-2 d-1); 24 days after emergence (UV-B = 7.7)
20%

 

 

Zhao (2003)

Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Research (SPAR) units exposed to different levels of UV-B radiation (kJ m-2 d-1); 24 days after emergence (UV-B = 15.1)
46%

 

 

Printer Friendly Version