Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Fagus sylvatica L. [European Beech]

Bruhn, D., Leverenz, J.W. and Saxe H. 2000. Effects of tree size and temperature on relative growth rate and its components of Fagus sylvatica seedlings exposed to two partial pressures of atmospheric [CO2]. New Phytologist 146: 415-425.

El Kohen, A., Venet, L. and Mousseau, M. 1993. Growth and photosynthesis of two deciduous forest species at elevated carbon dioxide. Functional Ecology 7: 480-486.

Fleischmann, F., Raidl, S. and Osswald, W.F. 2010. Changes in susceptibility of beech (Fagus sylvatica) seedlings towards Phytophthora citricola under the influence of elevated atmospheric CO2 and nitrogen fertilization. Environmental Pollution 158: 1051-1060.

Hattenschwiler, S. 2001. Tree seedling growth in natural deep shade: functional traits related to interspecific variation in response to elevated CO2. Oecologia 129: 31-42.

Hattenschwiler, S. and Korner, C. 2000. Tree seedling responses to in situ CO2-enrichment differ among species and depend on understory light availability. Global Change Biology 6: 213-226.

Heath, J., Ayres, E., Possell, M., Bardgett, R.D., Black, H.I.J., Grant, H., Ineson, P. and Kerstiens, G. 2005. Rising atmospheric CO2 reduces sequestration of root-derived soil carbon. Science 309: 1711-1713.

Heath, J. and Kerstiens, G. 1997. Effects of elevated CO2 on leaf gas exchange in beech and oak at two levels of nutrient supply: consequences for sensitivity to drought in beech. Plant, Cell and Environment 20: 57-67.

Hoosbeek, M.R., Lukac, M., Velthorst, E., Smith, A.R. and Godbold, D.L. 2011. Free atmospheric CO2 enrichment increased above ground biomass but did not affect symbiotic N2-fixation and soil carbon dynamics in a mixed deciduous stand in Wales. Biogeosciences 8: 353-364.

Liu, X., Kozovits, A.R., Grams, T.E.E., Blaschke, H., Rennenberg, H. and Matyssek, R. 2004. Competition modifies effects of ozone/carbon dioxide concentrations on carbohydrate and biomass accumulation in juvenile Norway spruce and European beech. Tree Physiology 24: 1045-1055.

Rodenkirchen, H., Gottlein, A., Kozovits, A.R., Matyssek, R. and Grams, T.E.E. 2009. Nutrient contents and efficiencies of beech and spruce saplings as influenced by competition and O3/CO2 regime. European Journal of Forest Research 128: 117-128.

Smith, A.R., Lukac, M., Hood, R., Healey, J.R., Miglietta, F. and Godbold, D.L. 2013. Elevated CO2 enrichment induces a differential biomass response in a mixed species temperate forest plantation. New Phytologist 198: 156-168.

Spinnler, D., Egli, P. and Korner, C. 2003. Provenance effects and allometry in beech and spruce under elevated CO2 and nitrogen on two different forest soils. Basic and Applied Ecology 4: 467-478.

Uchytilová, T., Krejza, J., Veselá, B., Holub, P., Urban, O., Horácek, P. and Klem, K. 2019. Ultraviolet radiation modulates C:N stoichiometry and biomass allocation in Fagus sylvatica saplings cultivated under elevated CO2 concentration. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 134: 103-112.

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