Dry Weight (Biomass) References
Betula platphylla [Japanese White Birch]

Hoshika, Y., Watanabe, M., Inada, N. and Koike, T. 2012. Growth and leaf gas exchange in three birch species exposed to elevated ozone and CO2 in summer. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 223: 5017-5025.

Kitao, M., Koike, T., Tobita, H. and Maruyama, Y. 2005. Elevated CO2 and limited nitrogen nutrition can restrict excitation energy dissipation in photosystem II of Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica) leaves. Physiologia Plantarum 125: 64-73.

Kitao, M., Lei, T.T., Koike, T., Kayama, M., Tobita, H. and Maruyama, Y. 2007. Interaction of drought and elevated CO2 concentration on photosynthetic down-regulation and susceptibility to photoinhibition in Japanese white birch seedlings grown with limited N availability. Tree Physiology 27: 727-735.

Watanabe, Y., Wakabayashi, K., Kitaoka, S., Satomura, T., Eguchi, N., Watanabe, M., Nakaba, S., Takagi, K., Sano, Y., Funada, R. and Koike, T. 2016. Response of tree growth and wood structure of Larix kaempferi, Kalopanax septemlobus and Betula platyphylla saplings to elevated CO2 concentration for 5 years exposure in a FACE system. Trees 30: 1569-1579.

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