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Glacial Behavior in New Zealand
Winkler, S.  2004.  Lichenometric dating of the 'Little Ice Age' maximum in Mt Cook National Park, Southern Alps, New Zealand.  The Holocene 14: 911-920.

What was done
In a study designed "to test whether the chronology of the 'Little Ice Age' in the Southern Hemisphere is similar to that of the Northern Hemisphere," the author used lichenometric dating techniques to establish the time of expression of the maximum Little Ice Age as revealed by the behaviors of the Eugenie, Hooker, Mueller and Tasman Glaciers in Mt Cook National Park, Southern Alps, New Zealand.

What was learned
Winkler's work reveals, in his words, "a 'Little Ice Age' maximum during the mid-eighteenth century (around AD 1725-1740)."  Then, says he, "after a slow but constant retreat during the second half of the eighteenth and the first half of the nineteenth centuries, the glaciers experienced major readvances during the second half of the nineteenth century (around 1860 and 1890/95)."  Winkler also reports that "the timing of the 'Little Ice Age' maximum of the study glaciers agrees with a major advance of the Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers west of the main divide in the Southern Alps and with the 'Little Ice Age' maximum in southern and northern Norway," citing for the correctness of this statement the studies of Erikstad and Sollid (1986), Bickerton and Matthews (1993), Winkler (1996) and Winkler et al. (2003) relative to southern Norway and the studies of Innes (1984) and Winkler (2001, 2003) relative to northern Norway.

What it means
For climate alarmists who claim the Little Ice Age was a less-than-global phenomenon restricted to lands bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, it must be embarrassing to see research papers, such as this one, that document the existence of this multi-century cold spell in lands as far away as New Zealand, and to additionally learn that the Little Ice Age was largely synchronous in both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.  One would think, therefore, that it would do them all good to admit the obvious about this matter; but they can't.  Why?  Because it is the Little Ice Age that makes 20th-century global warming look so dramatic, which allows them to claim it must be unnatural and caused by anthropogenic CO2 emissions, when in reality it is but the recovery of the planet from perhaps the coldest period of the current interglacial to a level of warmth that has been experienced several times before, such as during the Medieval Warm Period of a thousand years ago and the Roman Warm Period of two thousand years ago, when there was 100 ppm less CO2 in the air than there is currently.

Bickerton, R.W. and Matthews, J.A.  1993.  'Little Ice Age' variations of outlet glaciers from the Jostedalsbreen ice-cap, southern Norway: a regional lichenometric-dating study of ice-marginal moraine sequences and their climatic significance.  Journal of Quaternary Science 8: 45-66.

Erikstad, L. and Sollid, J.L.  1986.  Neoglaciation in South Norway using lichenometric methods.  Norsk Geografisk Tidsskrift 40: 85-100.

Innes, J.L.  1984.  Lichenometric dating of moraine ridges in northern Norway: some problems of application.  Geografiska Annaler 66A: 341-352.

Winkler, S.  1996.  Fruhrezente und rezente Gletscherstandsschwankungen in Ostalpen und West-/Zentralnorwegen.  Trier: Geographische Gesellschaft Trier, Trierer Geographische Studien 15.

Winkler, S.  2001.  Untersuchungen zur Klima- und Morphodynamik in skandinavischen Gebirgsregionen wahrend des Holozin - ein Vergleich ihrer Wechselwirkungen und Prozessysteme im uberregionalen Kontext kaltgemassigter maritimer Gebirgsregionen.  Unpublished 'Habilitationsschrift,' University of Trier.

Winkler, S.  2003.  A new interpretation of the date of the 'Little Ice Age' maximum at Svartisen and Okstindan, northern Norway.  The Holocene 13: 83-95.

Winkler, S., Matthews, J.A., Shakesby, R.A. and Dresser, P.O.  2003.  Glacier variations in Breheimen, southern Norway: dating Little Ice Age moraine sequences at seven low-altitude glaciers.  Journal of Quaternary Science 18: 395-413.