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Carbon Sequestration in Eastern Canadian Peatlands
Turunen, J., Roulet, N.T., Moore, T.R. and Richard, P.J.H. 2004. Nitrogen deposition and increased carbon accumulation in ombrotrophic peatlands in eastern Canada. Global Biogeochemical Cycles 18: 10.1029/2003GB002154.

What was done
Recent (0-150 years) and long-term (2,000-10,000 years) apparent carbon (C) accumulation rates were derived for several ombrotrophic peatlands in eastern Canada with the help of 210Pb- and 14C-dating of soil-core materials.

What was learned
The authors report that the average long-term apparent rate of C accumulation at 15 sites was 198 g C m-2 yr-1, which is comparable to long-term rates observed in Finnish bogs by Tolonen and Turunen (1996) and Turunen et al. (2002). Recent C accumulation rates at 23 sites, on the other hand, were much higher, averaging 7317 g C m-2 yr-1, which results, in the words of the authors, are also "similar to results from Finland (Tolonen and Turunen, 1996; Pitkanen et al., 1999) and for boreal Sphagnum dominated peat deposits in North America (Tolonen et al., 1988; Wieder et al., 1994; Turetsky et al., 2000)."

What it means
Calling recent rates of C accumulation "strikingly higher" than long-term rates, Turunen et al. suggest that increased nitrogen (N) deposition "leads to larger rates of C and N accumulation in the bogs, as has been found in European forests (Kauppi et al., 1992; Berg and Matzner, 1997), and could account for some of the missing C sink in the global C budget." We also note that the warming experienced by the earth in recovering from the global chill of the Little Ice Age likely played a major role in enhancing peatland C accumulation rates (see, for example, Oechel et al. (2000), Camill et al. (2001), and Griffis and Rouse (2001)), and that the aerial fertilization effect provided by the increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration that began with the Industrial Revolution may have been a contributory factor too.

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Reviewed 22 September 2004