How does rising atmospheric CO2 affect marine organisms?

Click to locate material archived on our website by topic

Soil Carbon Storage Below Woody Vegetation
Gill, R.A. and Burke, I.C.  1999.  Ecosystem consequences of plant life form changes at three sites in the semiarid United States.  Oecologia 121: 551-563.

What was done
The authors examined the amount, quality and distribution of soil carbon below woody vegetation and grasses at three semiarid rangelands in the western United States.

What was learned
Both the total soil carbon and the amount of particulate organic matter were found to be significantly greater under woody plants than beneath adjacent grasses.

What it means
The range expansions of woody plants is often cited as one of the many consequences of the atmosphere's rising CO2 concentration.  Thus, as the air's CO2 concentration continues to rise, the expansion of woody plants onto grasslands should result in an increase in soil carbon sequestration, thereby slowing the rate of rise of the atmosphere's CO2 concentration.

Reviewed 15 April 2000