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Problems of CMIP5 Climate Models with Tropical Low Clouds
Reference
Nam, C., Bony, S., Dufresne, J.-L. and Chepfer, H. 2012. The 'too few, too bright' tropical low-cloud problem in CMIP5 models. Geophysical Research Letters 39: 10.1029/2012GL053421.

Background
The authors write that the response of low-level clouds has long been identified as "a key source of uncertainty for model cloud feedbacks under climate change," citing the work of Bony and Dufresne (2005), Webb et al. (2006), Wyant et al. (2006) and Medeiros et al. (2008). And they state that "the ability of climate models to simulate low-clouds and their radiative properties" plays a huge role in assessing "our confidence in climate projections."

What was done
In studying this unresolved dilemma, Nam et al. analyzed "outputs from multiple climate models participating in the Fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) using the Cloud Feedback Model Intercomparison Project Observations Simulator Package (COSP), and compared them with different satellite data sets," including "CALIPSO lidar observations, PARASOL mono-directional reflectances, and CERES radiative fluxes at the top of the atmosphere."

What was learned
In the words of the four French researchers, "the current generation of climate models still experiences difficulties in predicting the low-cloud cover and its radiative effects." In particular, they report that the models: (1) "under-estimate low-cloud cover in the tropics," (2) "over-estimate optical thickness of low-clouds, particularly in shallow cumulus regimes," (3) "poorly represent the dependence of the low-cloud vertical structure on large-scale environmental conditions," and (4) "predict stratocumulus-type of clouds in regimes where shallow cumulus cloud-types should prevail." However, they say that "the impact of these biases on the Earth's radiation budget ... is reduced by compensating errors [italics added]," including "the tendency of models to under-estimate the low-cloud cover and to over-estimate the occurrence of mid- and high-clouds above low-clouds."

What it means
Well isn't that just dandy! We have the leaders of numerous nations forging ahead with energy policy prescriptions for halting global warming - which has been non-existent for close to two decades now - based on climate change projections derived from mathematical models harboring acknowledged problems that are supposedly overcome by compensating errors. If these people were building bridges, would you want to drive across one of them???

References
Bony, S. and Dufresne, J. 2005. Marine boundary layer clouds at the heart of tropical cloud feedback uncertainties in climate models. Geophysical Research Letters 32: 10.1029/2005GL023851.

Medeiros, B., Stevens, B., Held, I., Zhao, M., Williamson, D., Olson, J. and Bretherton, C. 2008. Aquaplanets, climate sensitivity, and low clouds. Journal of Climate 21: 4974-4991.

Webb, M.J., Senior, C.A., Sexton, D.M.H., Ingram, W.J., Williams, K.D., Ringer, M.A., McAvaney, B.J., Colman, R., Soden, B.J., Gudgel, R., Knutson, T., Emori, S., Ogura, T., Tsushima, Y., Andronova, N., Li, B., Musat, I., Bony, S. and Taylor, K.E. 2006. On the contribution of local feedback mechanisms to the range of climate sensitivity in two GCM ensembles. Climate Dynamics 27: 17-38.

Wyant, M., Khairoutdinov, M. and Bretherton, C. 2006. Climate sensitivity and cloud response of a GCM with a superparameterization. Geophysical Research Letters 33: 10.1029/2005GL025464.

Reviewed 13 March 2013