How does rising atmospheric CO2 affect marine organisms?

Click to locate material archived on our website by topic


The Thermal Tolerance of Kelp Crab Larvae
Reference
Storch, D., Santelices, P., Barria, J., Cabeza, K., Portner, H.-O. and Fernandez, M. 2009. Thermal tolerance of crustacean larvae (zoea I) in two different populations of the kelp crab Taliepus dentatus (Milne-Edwards). The Journal of Experimental Biology 212: 1371-1376.

Background
The authors write that "temperature is often invoked as the main determinant of distribution ranges and boundaries for marine and terrestrial species," and they note that the larval stages of many marine species "are more vulnerable to thermal and osmotic stresses than adults." Consequently, they explore the rigidity of this temperature determinant of livable range for the Chilean kelp crab (Taliepus dentatus) in its most temperature-sensitive larval state.

What was done
Working with stage zoea I larvae of two populations of the crab - one from Southern Chile (SC, 4354'S) and one from Central Chile (CC, 3329'S) - Storch et al. "measured temperature-dependent activity, oxygen consumption, cardiac performance, body mass and the carbon and nitrogen composition in order to (1) examine thermal effects from organismal to cellular levels, and (2) compare the thermal tolerance of larvae from two environmental temperature regimes."

What was learned
Among many other things, the six researchers report that "the thermal tolerance window of zoea from SC was found to be shifted to lower temperatures when compared with those from CC," which could be equally accurately expressed as "the thermal tolerance window of zoea from CC was found to be shifted to higher temperatures when compared with those from SC."

What it means
The Chilean and German scientists conclude that "the small but clear shift between thermal tolerance windows between populations suggests an optimization of reaction norms and local adaptation in larvae of T. dentatus," noting that "this differentiation allows the species to cover a wider range of distribution than when restricted to one and the same thermal window for all populations," which suggests that the larval form of the kelp crab is capable of adapting to both higher or lower temperatures relative to those at which it may have lived for long periods in the past.

Reviewed 12 August 2009