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Volume 18:  August 2015 Archive of CO2 Science Postings

Can Earth's Phytoplankton Adapt to Predicted Oceanic Warming? (31 August 2015)
Long thought to be impossible, a new study based on real-world observations reveals that the tiny marine organisms do not waste any time in genetically doing what must be done ... and doing it when it is needed...

Ocean Acidification Database (31 August 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Foraminifera [Ammonia aomoriensis] (Haynert and Schonfeld, 2014; salinity = 20 ppt). To access the entire database, click here.

Vulnerability and Adaptation to River Floods Throughout the World (28 August 2015)
A new study suggests that mankind's increasing ability to successfully respond to river floods is likely significant enough to enable us to successfully cope with what many people believe humanity will experience in this regard in a warmer world of the future...

Tree-ring Temperature Reconstructions May have Masked Prior Warmth (27 August 2015)
A new method of calculating proxy temperatures from tree rings reveals old methods may be underestimating the degree of warmth prior to the instrumental period...

Six Centuries of Summer Temperatures in the Bhutanese Himalaya (27 August 2015)
What do they reveal about the strengths of the individual impacts of solar radiation reception and atmospheric CO2 enrichment on the region's summer climate?...

Plant Growth Database (27 August 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Wheat (Thilakarathne et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Ocean Acidification (Effects on Marine Plants: Phytoplankton -- Coccolithophores) -- Summary (26 August 2015)
How do the microscopic algae that are the most prolific shell producers of the world's oceans respond to increases in the air's CO2 concentration that are claimed by climate alarmists to lead to dramatic decreases in their ability to conduct calcification? As revealed in the results of several studies highlighted in this Summary, Earth's coccolithophores are well equipped to deal with whatever degree of ocean acidification may yet be experienced by the world's oceans...

California's Most Recent Drought: Due to Recent Climate Change? (26 August 2015)
A new study of the phenomenon suggests it most likely is not...

Rock Outcrops Provide Biodiversity Refugia in Northern Patagonia (25 August 2015)
The authors document one of nature's many ways of providing for species survival in the face of significant regional temperature change...

Cold-Water Corals in an Acidifying Ocean: How Might They Fare? (24 August 2015)
Both laboratory and field studies come to the same conclusion: cold-water corals are about as tough as they come, as they can apparently hold their own, so to speak, in seawater containing many times more CO2 than what is characteristic of our day and age...

Ocean Acidification Database (24 August 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Red Rock Shrimp [Lysmata californica] (Taylor et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Warming-Assisted Rapid Evolution of a Parasitic Host (21 August 2015)
Rising temperatures spurn rapid evolutionary change in European perch, dramatically reducing their rates of parasitic infection in just three short decades...

OA Thwarts Negative Effects of Ultraviolet Radiation on a Diatom (21 August 2015)
A new study reveals that atmospheric CO2 enrichment leading to ocean acidification (OA) not only does not harm an important diatom species, it actually helps it, especially in overcoming the normally negative effects of solar ultraviolet radiation...

CO2 Enrichment of Air Enhances Growth of Tissue-Cultured Plants (21 August 2015)
Most everything a plant must do to survive somewhere on the Earth -- and especially to begin this feat -- it seems to do much better with more than the current amount of CO2 in the air...

Plant Growth Database (21 August 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Tape Grass (Cao and Ruan, 2014). To access the entire database, click here.

Alpine Ecosystems -- Summary (19 August 2015)
In response to whatever environmental changes may be occurring in alpine ecosystems around the world, there appear to be few, if any, negative biological consequences. In fact, alpine species in many locations are responding in a positive manner to increasing temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Such observations, therefore, reveal they are less likely, not more likely, to suffer warming-induced extinctions...

Likely Responses of Gorgonian Octocorals to Ocean Acidification (19 August 2015)
Contrary to the thoughts of many people, earth's octocorals appear to be well equipped to deal with atmospheric CO2 concentrations that are a full order of magnitude greater than current values...

Mountain Pine Beetle Outbreaks in the Western U.S. and Canada (18 August 2015)
Have they been driven by anthropogenic-induced global warming, as many climate alarmists have claimed? The latest research on the topic suggests not...

Coral Recipe for Surviving Global Warming and Ocean Acidification (17 August 2015)
A good meal of powdered phytoplankton and live rotifers give semi-starved, over-heated and acid-attacked corals a whole new lease on life...

The Health, Poverty and NDVI Connection Throughout West Africa (14 August 2015)
Evidence continues to mount for a CO2-induced greening of the earth that has the potential to lift many of the planet's poor and sickly people out of poverty and into more healthy conditions...

Plant Growth Database (14 August 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Wheat (Thilakarathne et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Some Recent Benefits of Climate Change Over the Tibetan Plateau (14 August 2015)
The bulk of them should not have been unexpected, especially for that particular part of the world...

Environmental Sex Determination in Loggerhead Sea Turtles (13 August 2015)
Will global warming and its imagined deleterious climatic consequences spell the end for this magnificent sea creature?...

Plant Growth Database (13 August 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Pigeon Pea (Sreeharsha et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Latitudinal Gradients in Turtle Species Richness, Size and Range (12 August 2015)
How might these bio-factors be impacted if the Earth were to begin to warm again?...

Ocean Acidification and Warming (Effects on Corals: Laboratory Studies) -- Summary (11 August 2015)
Although, much remains to be learned on this subject, it is clear that many corals will not succumb to the presumed negative impacts of rising temperatures and ocean acidification. And when adaptive and evolutionary responses are considered, it may be that few, if any, corals will actually suffer harm from increases in these two phenomena. In fact, many coral species could well benefit from the warmer ocean temperatures and higher atmospheric CO2 concentrations predicted for the years and decades ahead...

The Evolution of Plants ... Right Before Our Very Eyes (1992-2010) (11 August 2015)
A new study reveals that although evolution by natural selection has historically been considered to operate over very long timescales, some plants of today are successfully employing it over a mere few decades...

How Rapidly Can Diatoms Evolve to Deal with Ocean Acidification? (10 August 2015)
Would you believe within weeks to months?...

Ocean Acidification Database (10 August 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Foraminifera [Ammonia aomoriensis] (Haynert and Schonfeld, 2014; salinity = 15 ppt). To access the entire database, click here.

Can Coastal Marine Fish Evolve to Tolerate Ocean Acidification? (7 August 2015)
A new study of this question that focuses on Atlantic silverside fish suggests that they may indeed be able to do so, even at atmospheric CO2 concentrations as great as 2300 ppm...

Effects of Elevated CO2 on Trees Growing in Cd-Contaminated Soil (6 August 2015)
Although somewhat complex, the findings of this study are readily seen to be extremely beneficial to the well-being of poplar and willow trees growing on highly cadmium-polluted soil...

Plant Growth Database (6 August 2015)
Our latest result of plant growth responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment obtained from experiments described in the peer-reviewed scientific literature is for Wheat (Tausz-Posch et al., 2015). To access the entire database, click here.

Positive Responses of Tropical Seagrasses to Ocean Acidfication (5 August 2015)
Just like grasses growing in CO2-enriched air, those that grow beneath the surfaces of earth's seas respond positively to CO2-enriched water...

Dying from Heat and Cold in Various Countries Around the World (4 August 2015)
As demonstrated in this recent study, it seems pretty clear that any successful attempt to reverse or slow any potential increase in Earth's mean global temperature would likely come at a net cost of many human lives the world over, not a savings as President Obama recently claimed his Clean Power Plan would provide...

The President's Clean Power Plan is Built Upon a Pack of Lies (3 August 2015)
Today, President Obama unveiled his administration's latest initiative to combat climate change, the Clean Power Plan. Authored and overseen by the Environmental Protection Agency, the new program requires a national reduction in power plant carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of 32 percent just a mere decade and a half from now. Such a mandate, in and of itself, is a Herculean task that can be debated as to whether or not it is even possible to accomplish, as forecasts from the Administration's own Department of Energy indicate ever more energy will be needed in the years and decades ahead -- a need that is unlikely to be met without expanding the production of energy from fossil fuel combustion...

Invasive Plants in a CO2 Enriched and Recently Warmed World (3 August 2015)
Have they been out-producing and thereby taking over the territories of indigenous plants? A study recently conducted in the United Kingdom provides an unexpected answer...

Ocean Acidification Database (3 August 2015)
The latest addition of peer-reviewed data archived to our database of marine organism responses to atmospheric CO2 enrichment is Cobia [Rachycentron canadum] (Bignami et al., 2013; mean otolith area). To access the entire database, click here.